September 08, 2010

This Day in History: 1974 : Ford pardons Nixon

In a controversial executive action, President Gerald Ford pardons his disgraced predecessor Richard Nixon for any crimes he may have committed or participated in while in office. Ford later defended this action before the House Judiciary Committee, explaining that he wanted to end the national divisions created by the Watergate scandal.

To finish reading about Ford pardoning Nixon, go to:

If you are interested in reading more about Watergate, Gerald Ford or Richard Nixon the library has the following books available:

Watergate and the American political process /
by Pynn, Ronald E. Published 1975
Call Number: JK271 .P96
Location: Main Stacks

Watergate and the Constitution /
by Kurland, Philip B. Published 1978
Call Number: KF4565 .K87
Location: Main Stacks

The presidency of Gerald R. Ford /
by Greene, John Robert Published c1995
Call Number: E865 .G741995
Location: Main Stacks

Gerald R. Ford and the politics of post-Watergate America /
Published 1993
Call Number: E865 .G471993
Location: Main Stacks

The presidency of Richard Nixon /
by Small, Melvin Published 1999
Call Number: E855 .S631999
Location: Main Stacks

One of us : Richard Nixon and the American dream /
by Wicker, Tom Published 1991
Call Number: E856 .W521991
Location: Main Stacks

Ford pardons Nixon. (2010). The History Channel website. Retrieved 5:18, September 8, 2010, from

Posted by d-nadler at 04:35 PM | Comments (0)

May 05, 2010

May Trivia

Did you know?

The month of May was named for the Greek Goddess Maia.

That no other month begins on the same day of the week as May. If you look at the calendar, May is the only month to start on Saturday. The only other month with the same trait is June, which starts on Tuesday.

Source: May- wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (2010, May 5). Retrieved from

Posted by d-nadler at 03:17 PM | Comments (0)

March 30, 2010

April Fools' Pranks Continued

Here are a few more April Fools' pranks that had people excited:

"Most people know they need to read the Web with a healthy skepticism, but that doesn't mean hoaxes about the Internet don't catch the unwary. In 1994, PC Computing magazine wrote that Congress was considering a bill making it illegal to surf the Internet while drunk. The outcry was great enough that Sen. Edward Kennedy was forced to deny being the sponsor of the nonexistent legislation. In 1996, an e-mail, purportedly from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, informed people that the Internet would be shut down for a day for spring cleaning. The day that users were told to disconnect computers? April 1."
"On April 1, 1998, Burger King took out a full-page ad in USA Today to announce a fast-food breakthrough: the Left-handed Whopper. It featured the same ingredients as the regular Whopper, except the condiments were rotated 180 degrees. According to Burger King, thousands of customers requested the new burger, and others asked for a right-handed version."

Source: Jacob, M, & Benzkofer, S. (2010, March 28). 10 things you might not know about April Fools’ Day. Chicago Tribune,,0,5154355.story

Posted by d-nadler at 11:53 AM | Comments (0)

Famous April Fools' Video Pranks

Famous Video/Television April Fools' Pranks from the BBC

The most recent was the story of the Flying Penguins in 2008 when ex-Monty Pythoner Terry Jones introduced the world to the newly discovered flying penguin.

The video clip was really a promo created to get people to watch BBC videos. It quickly became one of the most watched video clips of its time.


That was not the first time the BBC had played an April Fools' prank, in 1957 they did a report on a bumber crop of spaghetti in Switzerland. According to the report:

A producer and cameraman put together a convincing tale about the early arrival of spring -- and how that had produced a bumper crop of spaghetti in Switzerland. Upon airing of the story, the BBC was flooded with calls from callers wanting to know how they could grow their own spaghetti tree. BBC operators pertly replied callers should, "place a sprig of spaghetti in a tin of tomato sauce and hope for the best."

Click here to view the "Bumper crop of spaghetti"

Posted by d-nadler at 11:29 AM | Comments (0)

March 29, 2010

Origin of April Fools' Day

When and how April Fools' Day came about is a question that many have asked. There are several different theories with the most common theory being:

That April Fools' Day started with the adoption of the Gregorian calendar around 1582 in France. Under the Julian calendar, the new year began on March 25 with the festivals being held on April 1, due to the fact that March 25 fell during Holy Week. With the adoption of the Gregorian calenday the beginning of the New Year moved to January 1. News traveled slowly, leaving many people unaware that the New Year had started on January 1. There were also some people who refused to accept the new date and continued to celebrate New Year's Day on April 1. Those who refused to acknowledge the change and continued to celebrate on April 1 were labeled "fools" and often sent on "fool errands". The butt of the pranks were calleed "poisson d'avril" or "April fish" because a young naive fish is easily caught.

This information comes from:
April Fools - April Fools' Day Origins -

Other theories include:

That the timing is related to the arrival of spring, when nature "fools" mankind with fickle weather. Enclopedia of Religion and the Encyclopedia Britannica
That is has to do with the Vernal Equinox.
Or the Romans' end-of-winter celebration, Hilaria.
Or the end of the Celtic new year festival. April Fools' Day Origins -

Tomorrow some of the more famous April Fools' pranks

Posted by d-nadler at 01:45 PM | Comments (0)

June 25, 2008

June Is Perennial Gardening Month

Here are a few links to websites that will help you with your perennials:

Ohio State University Garden Tips - Here you can find a link to a searchable FAQ database, a database of images or how-to videos.
Gardening with Perennials - from the University of Illinois Extension. Here you will find information on: planting & transplanting, dividing, after planting care and much more.
Perry's Perennial Page -Dr. Leonard Perry's Web pages for on-line perennial and related horticultural information.
Perennial Flower Gardening Tips - According to the website: There are several hundred perennial flower gardening tips articles on this website - ranging from growing specific plants to designing with them.
Plant Database - provided by Walters Gardens - detailed information on over 1,000 plants. It includes photos and detailed information.

Attached is a Perennial Wordsearch Puzzle - the puzzle is in PDF format. Download the Perennial Wordsearch Puzzle
Download the Answer Key

Posted by d-nadler at 04:56 PM | Comments (0)

June 10, 2008

Did you know that June is National Oceans Month?

Did you know that on June 2nd, 2008 President declared that proclaimed
June 2008 as National Oceans Month? You can read the press release at:

For more information on oceans visit:

Ocean Resources -
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
List of Ocean Resources for Kids

Here is some trivia from Ocean Planet: OCEANOGRAPHIC FACTS
Ninety percent of all volcanic activity occurs in the oceans. In 1993, scientists located the largest known concentration of active volcanoes on the sea floor in the South Pacific. This area, the size of New York state, hosts 1,133 volcanic cones and sea mounts. Two or three could erupt at any moment.
If the ocean's total salt content were dried, it would cover the continents to a depth of 5 feet.
At the deepest point in the ocean the pressure is more than 8 tons per square inch, or the equivalent of one person trying to support 50 jumbo jets.
For more facts on oceans, go to Ocean Planet Oceangraphic Facts.

Posted by d-nadler at 04:34 PM | Comments (0)

February 29, 2008

All about Leap Year and Leap Day

From Wired:

Feb. 29, 45 B.C.: Julius Caesar Takes the Leap
By Randy Alfred 02.29.08 | 12:00 AM

Great Caesar's ghost! Julius Caesar fixed the calendar for centuries to come.
Wa/Courtesy National Archaeological Museum, Naples 45 B.C.: Roman dictator-for-life Julius Caesar, alarmed that the calendar is growing out of whack with the seasons, adds an extra day to the month of February every four years.

Caesar was reforming a calendar based on 364 days, with an occasional extra leap month. But the Roman religious officials in charge of minding the calendar had been asleep at the switch, chronologically speaking. Caesar consulted with Egypt's top astronomers, who told him the year was 365¼ days long. While he was making the fix, Julius also decided to give his name to the month of July.

Although Caesar decreed the new calendar in 46 B.C., that year had 15 months to make up for the accumulated discrepancy. The first add-a-day leap year was 45 B.C.

Continue reading the article at

From Fun Facts and Trivia:

Leap Year Day Babies born in 1884 had no birthday during their entire teen-age years. Why? Because 1900 was not a Leap Year. In 1888 they were 4 at 1. In 1892 they were 8 at 2. In 1896 they were 12 at 3. Since 1900 was not a Leap Year, there were 8 years before they could celebrate again on February 29. So, in 1904 they were 20 at 5. Not one single teenage year was celebrated ON their birth date.
Read more Leap Year/Leap Day Trivia

What Happened on Feb. 29th from

1288 - Scotland established this day as one when a woman could propose marriage to a man! If he refused, he was required to pay a fine.
1940 - Hattie McDaniel was the first black person to win an Oscar. She won the Best Supporting Actress award for her role as Mammy in "Gone with the Wind". GWTW also won Best Picture, Best Actress for Vivien Leigh's performance and Best Director for Victor Fleming, Best Screenplay for Sidney Howard's writing plus awards for Color Cinematography, Interior Decoration and Film Editing. Other Oscar winners on this night were Best Actor, Robert Dunat in "Goodbye, Mr. Chips", and Best Supporting Actor, Thomas Mitchell in "Stagecoach".

Posted by d-nadler at 03:44 PM | Comments (0)

August 07, 2007

Today in History: August 7th

The following information is from: - This Day in History

1782: Washington creates the Purple Heart
At his headquarters in Newburgh, New York, General George Washington, the commander in chief of the Continental Army, creates the "Badge for Military Merit," a decoration consisting of a purple, heart-shaped piece of silk, edged with a narrow binding of silver, with the word Merit stitched across the face in silver. The badge was to be presented to soldiers for "any singularly meritorious action" and permitted its wearer to pass guards and sentinels without challenge. The honoree's name and regiment were also to be inscribed in a "Book of Merit." Read the complete article.
Cite this article: Washington creates the Purple Heart. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:25, Aug 7, 2007, from
1942: Garrison Keillor is born
Writer and radio personality Garrison Keillor is born this day in Anoka, Minnesota, near Minneapolis. After years of submitting stories to the New Yorker, Keillor finally began contributing to the magazine in 1969. In 1974, while researching a story about the Grand Ole Opry, he struck upon the idea for a folksy and humorous radio program. He launched the show, A Prairie Home Companion, on Minnesota Public Radio in 1974. The show first aired nationally in 1979 and has continued to run, with some interruptions, ever since.
Cite this article: Garrison Keillor is born. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:31, Aug 7, 2007, from
1957: Oliver Hardy dies
Comedian Oliver Hardy dies, three years after a stroke debilitated him. Together with his partner, Stan Laurel, Hardy was one of the most beloved comedians of early Hollywood. Read the complete article.
Cite this article: Oliver Hardy dies. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:34, Aug 7, 2007, from

Posted by d-nadler at 04:03 PM | Comments (0)

August 06, 2007

Today in History: August 6th

The following information can be found at: - This Day in History:

1890: First execution by electric chair
At Auburn Prison in New York, the first execution by electrocution in history is carried out against William Kemmler, who had been convicted of murdering his lover, Matilda Ziegler, with an axe. Read the complete article.
Cite this article: First execution by electric chair. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 02:38, Aug 6, 2007, from

Books in the GSU Library:
Author: Banner, Stuart, 1963-
Title: The death penalty : an American history / Stuart Banner.
Location: Main Stacks
Call Number: HV8699.U5 B3672002

Author: Shipman, Marlin.
Title: The penalty is death : U.S. newspaper coverage of women’s executions / Marlin Shipman.
Location: Main Stacks
Call Number: HV8699.U5 S472002

1928: Andy Warhol is born
Andy Warhol, one of the most influential artists of the latter part of the 20th century, is born Andrew Warhola in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. A frail and diminutive man with a shock of silver-blond hair, Warhol was a major pioneer of the pop art movement of the 1960s but later outgrew that role to become a cultural icon. Read the complete article.
Cite this article: Andy Warhol is born. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 02:44, Aug 6, 2007, from

Books and videos in the GSU Library:
Title: Andy Warhol [videorecording] / an RM Arts production ; producer/director, Kim Evans ; edited and presented by Melvyn Bragg.
Location: Video
Call Number: FLM-VDO. N6537.W28 A85X1987VIDEORECORD941

Author: Warhol, Andy, 1928-
Title: America / Andy Warhol.
Location: Main Stacks
Call Number: N6537.W28 A41985

Author: Ratcliff, Carter.
Title: Andy Warhol / Carter Ratcliff.
Location: Main Stacks
Call Number: N6537.W28 R371983

1945: Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima
The United States becomes the first and only nation to use atomic weaponry during wartime when it drops an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Though the dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan marked the end of World War II, many historians argue that it also ignited the Cold War. Read the complete article.
Cite this article: Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 02:51, Aug 6, 2007, from

Books about Hiroshima in the GSU Library:
Author: Yoneyama, Lisa, 1959-
Title: Hiroshima traces : time, space, and the dialectics of memory / Lisa Yoneyama.
Location: Main Stacks
Call Number: D767.25.H6 Y661999

Title: The day man lost : Hiroshima, 6 August 1945, by the Pacific War Research Society.
Location: Main Stacks
Call Number: D767.25.H6 B85

Author: Kodama, Tatsuharu, 1928-
Uniform Title: Shin-chan no sanrinsha. English
Title: Shin’s tricycle / Tatsuharu Kodama ; illustrations by Noriyuki Ando ; English translation by Kazuko Hokumen-Jones.
Location: Materials Center Teachers Resources
Call Number: MAT-CTR. D767.25.H6 S513151995

Posted by d-nadler at 01:37 PM | Comments (0)

Today in History: August 3rd

The following information can be found at: - This Day in History:

1861: Last installment of Great Expectations by Charles Dickens is published
The last entry of the serialized novel Great Expectations is published on this day in 1861. The book had been serialized in Dickens' literary circular, All the Year Round. The novel tells the story of young Pip, a poor orphan who comes to believe he will inherit a fortune. Read the complete article.
1926: Tony Bennett is born
On this day in 1926, singer Tony Bennett is born Antonio Dominick Benedetto in Queens, New York. Bennett's career will span more than 50 years. Read the complete article.
Cite this article: Tony Bennett is born. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 02:29, Aug 6, 2007, from
1940: Wall Street star is born
Today marks the 1940 birthday of Martin Sheen, star of Wall Street, Oliver Stone's take on the heady days of 1980s insider trading. Sheen played a labor leader who gets sold down the river by his money-hungry son, played by real life son, Charlie Sheen.
Cite this article: Wall Street star is born. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 02:35, Aug 6, 2007, from

Posted by d-nadler at 01:16 PM | Comments (0)

Today in History: August 2nd

The following information can be found at: - This Day in History:

1905: Myrna Loy born
Actress Myrna Loy is born Myrna Adele Williams near Helena, Montana, on this day in 1905. Loy's family moved to Los Angeles after her father's death in 1918. Loy danced in a chorus line as part of the stage show at Grauman's Chinese Theater. Starting in 1925, she played bit parts and was frequently cast as a mysterious vamp. Her career took a comic turn in 1934 with the success of The Thin Man, in which she played fast-talking, wise-cracking Nora Charles, wife of detective Nick Charles, played by William Powell. The low-budget film became an unexpected box office success and five more "Thin Man" movies were made, making both Loy and Powell immensely popular. Loy continued to make film appearances into her 70s. She died in 1993.
Cite this article: Myrna Loy born. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 02:13, Aug 6, 2007, from

1933: Lawrence of Arabia star is born
Irish actor Peter O'Toole is born on this day. In his teens, he worked as a copy boy and cub reporter. He began appearing onstage in amateur performances in Leeds, England. He made his first film appearances in British movies in the 1960s and received the first of six Oscar nominations in 1962 for his performance as the title character in Lawrence of Arabia. He was also nominated for roles in Becket (1964), The Lion in Winter (1968), and Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1969).
Cite this article:
Lawrence of Arabia star is born. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 02:09, Aug 6, 2007, from

1934: Hitler becomes fuhrer
With the death of German President Paul von Hindenburg, Chancellor Adolf Hitler becomes absolute dictator of Germany under the title of Fuhrer, or "Leader." The German army took an oath of allegiance to its new commander-in-chief, and the last remnants of Germany's democratic government were dismantled to make way for Hitler's Third Reich. The Fuhrer assured his people that the Third Reich would last for a thousand years, but Nazi Germany collapsed just 11 years later. Read the complete article.
Cite this article: Hitler becomes fuhrer. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 02:11, Aug 6, 2007, from

Posted by d-nadler at 12:58 PM | Comments (0)

Today in History: August 1st

The following information comes from: - This Day in History

1498: Columbus lands in South America
Italian explorer Christopher Columbus sets foot on the American mainland for the first time, at the Paria Peninsula in present-day Venezuela. Thinking it an island, he christened it Isla Santa and claimed it for Spain. Read the complete article.
Cite this article: Columbus lands in South America. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 01:43, Aug 6, 2007, from
1910: New York issues first license plates
The state of New York issued its first license plates on this day in 1910. Massachusetts, the first state in the nation to issue plates, had been doing so since 1893, when it introduced iron plates with the registration number etched on top. The current New York plate, which features the Statue of Liberty, has been in use since 1986.
Cite this article: New York issues first license plates. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 01:45, Aug 6, 2007, from
1914: First World War erupts
Four days after Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Germany and Russia declare war against each other, France orders a general mobilization, and the first German army units cross into Luxembourg in preparation for the German invasion of France. During the next three days, Russia, France, Belgium, and Great Britain all lined up against Austria-Hungary and Germany, and the German army invaded Belgium. The "Great War" that ensued was one of unprecedented destruction and loss of life, resulting in the deaths of some 20 million soldiers and civilians. Read the complete article.
Cite this article: First World War erupts. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 01:45, Aug 6, 2007, from
1943: PT-109 sinks; Lieutenant Kennedy is instrumental in saving crew
On this day in 1943, a Japanese destroyer rams an American PT (patrol torpedo) boat, No. 109, slicing it in two. The destruction is so massive other American PT boats in the area assume the crew is dead. Two crewmen were, in fact, killed, but 11 survived, including Lt. John F. Kennedy. Read the complete article.
Cite this article: PT-109 sinks; Lieutenant Kennedy is instrumental in saving crew. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 01:49, Aug 6, 2007, from
1973: American Graffiti opens
On this day in 1973, American Graffiti, directed and co-written by George Lucas and starring Richard Dreyfuss and Ron Howard, opens in Los Angeles. Lucas, age 29, made the film for only $700,000. Graffiti, a film about West Coast teenagers in the 1960s, was a huge success, later earning more than $55 million in rentals alone. While not a financial success for Lucas himself, who received only $20,000 to make the film, the movie nevertheless firmly established his reputation and paved the way for 1977's Star Wars, one of the biggest box office blockbusters of all time.
Cite this article: American Graffiti opens. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 01:55, Aug 6, 2007, from

Posted by d-nadler at 10:47 AM | Comments (0)

July 30, 2007

Today in History: July 30th

The following information can be found at: - This Day in History

1932: Disney's first color cartoon
Walt Disney releases his first cartoon in color. The cartoon, Flowers and Trees, was made in three-color Technicolor; Disney was the only studio that used the process for the next three years, because of an exclusive contract.
Cite this article:

Disney's first color cartoon. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:28, Jul 30, 2007, from

1943: Hitler gets news of Italy's imminent defection
On this day in 1943, Adolf Hitler learns that Axis ally Italy is buying time before negotiating surrender terms with the Allies in light of Mussolini's fall from power. Read the complete article.
Cite this article:

Hitler gets news of Italy's imminent defection. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:30, Jul 30, 2007, from

1994: The death of a child leads to Megan's Law
Jesse Timmendequas is charged with the murder of seven-year-old Megan Kanka in New Jersey. Kanka's death inspired Megan's Law, a statute enacted in 1994 requiring that information about convicted sex felons be available to the public. Versions of Megan's Law have been passed in many states since her murder. Read the complete article.
Cite this article:

The death of a child leads to Megan's Law. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:33, Jul 30, 2007, from

Posted by d-nadler at 04:24 PM | Comments (0)

Today in History: July 27th

The following information comes from: Those Were the Days - Today in History

1921: Insulin isolated in Toronto
At the University of Toronto, Canadian scientists Frederick Banting and Charles Best successfully isolate insulin--a hormone they believe could prevent diabetes--for the first time. Within a year, the first human sufferers of diabetes were receiving insulin treatments, and countless lives were saved from what was previously regarded as a fatal disease. Read the complete article.
Cite this article: Insulin isolated in Toronto. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 04:58, Jul 30, 2007, from

1923: Dillinger joins the Navy in an attempt to avoid prosecution

John Herbert Dillinger joins the Navy in order to avoid charges of auto theft in Indiana, marking the beginning of America's most notorious criminal's downfall. Years later, Dillinger's reputation was forged in a single 12-month period, during which he robbed more banks than Jesse James did in 15 years and became the most wanted fugitive in the nation. Read the complete article.
Cite this article:
Dillinger joins the Navy in an attempt to avoid prosecution. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:01, Jul 30, 2007, from

1940: Bugs Bunny's debut
On this day in 1940, Bugs Bunny first appears on the silver screen in "A Wild Hare." The wisecracking rabbit had evolved through several earlier short films. As in many future installments of Bugs Bunny cartoons, "A Wild Hare" featured Bugs as the would-be dinner for frustrated hunter Elmer Fudd. Read this complete article.
Cite this article: Bugs Bunny's debut. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:17, Jul 30, 2007, from
1974: Baryshnikov's U.S. debut
On this day in 1974, Russian ballet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov makes his U.S. debut in a performance of Giselle with the American Ballet Theater (ABT) in New York. The dancer had defected from the Soviet Union while on tour in Canada earlier in 1974. Baryshnikov became the artistic director of ABT in 1980 and later formed the White Oak Dance Project with Mark Morris. He also appeared in films, including The Turning Point (1977) and White Knights (1985).
Cite this article: Baryshnikov's U.S. debut. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:15, Jul 30, 2007, from

Posted by d-nadler at 11:16 AM | Comments (0)

July 26, 2007

This Day in History: July 26th

July 26, 1775:, members of the Second Continental Congress, meeting in Philadelphia, agreed:

That a postmaster general be appointed for the United Colonies, who shall hold his office at Philada, and shall be allowed a salary of 1000 dollars per an: for himself, and 340 dollars per an: for a secretary and Comptroller, with power to appoint such, and so many deputies as to him may seem proper and necessary.
That a line of posts be appointed under the direction of the Postmaster general, from Falmouth in New England to Savannah in Georgia, with as many cross posts as he shall think fit.
This simple statement signaled the birth of the Post Office Department, the predecessor of the U.S. Postal Service and the second oldest federal department or agency of the United States.
Benjamin Franklin was the first Postmaster General. Under him and his immediate successors, the postal system mainly carried communications between Congress and the armies.
America’s present Postal Service descends in an unbroken line from the system Franklin planned and placed in operation. History rightfully accords him major credit for establishing the basis of the system that has well served the growing and changing needs of the American people.
Did You Know?
A Postmaster delivered mail to Revolutionary War soldiers on foot because he lacked the money to buy a horse.

Cite this webpage:
The Postal Service begins - The U.S. Postal Service begins. Retrieved July 26, 2007, from USPS - The Postal Service Begins Web site:

Want More Postal History?
Get even more information, details, and images from Publication 100 (HTML) | (PDF)

The following information can be found: - This Day in History:
1908: FBI founded

On July 26, 1908, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is born when U.S. Attorney General Charles Bonaparte orders a group of newly hired federal investigators to report to Chief Examiner Stanley W. Finch of the Department of Justice. One year later, the Office of the Chief Examiner was renamed the Bureau of Investigation, and in 1935 it became the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Read the complete article.
Cite the article:
FBI founded. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 11:23, Jul 26, 2007, from

Books in the GSU Library about the FBI:
Author: Schmidt, Regin.
Title: Red scare : FBI and the origins of anticommunism in the United States, 1919-1943 / Regin Schmidt.
Call Number: E743.5 .S3552000

Title: The FBI : a comprehensive reference guide / edited by Athan G. Theoharis with Tony G. Poveda, Susan Rosenfeld, Richard Gid Powers.
Call Number: REF. HV8144.F43 T48 1999

Find more books about the FBI in the GSU Library.

1931: Grasshoppers bring ruin to Midwest

On this day in 1931, a swarm of grasshoppers descends on crops throughout the American heartland, devastating millions of acres. Iowa, Nebraska and South Dakota, already in the midst of a bad drought, suffered tremendously from this disaster. Read the complete article.
Cite this article:
Grasshoppers bring ruin to Midwest. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 11:46, Jul 26, 2007, from

Posted by d-nadler at 10:15 AM | Comments (0)

July 25, 2007

This Day in History: July 25th

The following information can be found at: - This Day in History

1832: The first railroad accidentThe first recorded railroad accident in U.S. history occurs when four people are thrown off a vacant car on the Granite Railway near Quincy, Massachusetts. The victims had been invited to view the process of transporting large and weighty loads of stone when a cable on a vacant car snapped on the return trip, throwing them off the train and over a 34-foot cliff. One man was killed and the others were seriously injured. Read the complete article.

Cite this article:
The first railroad accident. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 07:18, Jul 25, 2007, from

1904: Workers hit the picket line in Fall River

Children working in the spinning room in Fall River, Mass., 1912Throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries the booming textile mills in Fall River, Mass., were lightning rods for labor action. Mill managers and textile honchos, who had first descended upon Fall River in 1811, pushed their largely female work force to toil for long hours in abysmal conditions. By 1871, Fall River had become one of the textile capitals of the United States and many of the mill owners had raked in hefty profits. Read the complete article.

Cite this article:
Workers hit the picket line in Fall River. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 07:44, Jul 25, 2007, from

Read about the social conditions in Fall River:
Author: Cumbler, John T.
Title: Working-class community in industrial America : work, leisure, and struggle in two industrial cities, 1880-1930 / John T. Cumbler.
Call Number: HD8085.L963 C85

1969: Nixon announces new doctrine

President Richard Nixon, at a briefing in Guam for the news media accompanying him on his trip to Asia, discusses at length the future role the United States should play in Asia and the Pacific region after the conclusion of the Vietnam War. Nixon said that while the United States would continue to have primary responsibility for the defense of its allies against nuclear attack, the noncommunist Asian nations would have to bear the burden of their own defense against conventional attack and assume responsibility for internal security. The president's remarks were nicknamed the "Nixon Doctrine."

Cite this article:
Nixon announces new doctrine. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 07:56, Jul 25, 2007, from

Read about the Nixon Doctrine:
Author: Laird, Melvin R.
Title: The Nixon doctrine; [proceedings, by Melvin R. Laird [and others].
Call Number: E855 .N477

2000: Concorde jet crashes

An Air France Concorde jet crashes upon takeoff in Paris on this day in 2000, killing everyone onboard as well as four people on the ground. The Concorde, the world’s fastest commercial jet, had enjoyed an exemplary safety record up to that point, with no crashes in the plane’s 31-year history. Read the complete article.

Cite this article:
Concorde jet crashes. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 08:05, Jul 25, 2007, from

Posted by d-nadler at 06:11 PM | Comments (0)

July 24, 2007

This Day in History: July 24th

The following information comes from: - This Day in History

1567: Mary Queen of Scots deposed

During her imprisonment at Lochleven Castle in Scotland, Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate in favor of her one-year-old son, later crowned King James VI of Scotland. Read the complete article.

Cite this article:
Mary Queen of Scots deposed. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 04:43, Jul 24, 2007, from

Books in the GSU Library Mary, Queen of Scots:
Author: Schiller, Friedrich, 1759-1805.
Uniform Title: Maria Stuart. English.
Title: Mary Stuart / freely translated and adapted from Schiller’s play by Stephen Spender.
Call Number: PT2473.M3 S61980

Author: Baring, Maurice, 1874-1945.
Title: In my end is my beginning, by Maurice Baring.
Call Number: DA787.A1 B3

Search the Library Catalog for more books on Mary, Queen of Scots.

1832: Bonneville leads first wagon crossing of South Pass

Benjamin Bonneville, an inept fur trader who some speculate may have actually been a spy, leads the first wagon train to cross the Rocky Mountains at Wyoming's South Pass. Read the complete article.

Cite this article:
Bonneville leads first wagon crossing of South Pass. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 06:53, Jul 25, 2007, from

Read about Benjamin Bonneville:
Author: Irving, Washington, 1783-1859.
Title: The adventures of Captain Bonneville, U.S.A., in the Rocky Mountains and the Far West, digested from his journal and illustrated from various other sources. New York, Putnam.
Call Number: F592 .I7331973

1915: Hundreds drown in Eastland disaster
On this day in 1915, the steamer Eastland overturns in the Chicago River, drowning between 800 and 850 of its passengers who were heading to a picnic. The disaster was caused by serious problems with the boat’s design, which were known but never remedied. Read the complete article.

Cite this article:
Hundreds drown in Eastland Disaster. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:00, Jul 24, 2007 from

Read about the ghosts from Eastland disaster that still haunt Chicago today:
Author: Kaczmarek, Dale.
Title: Windy City ghosts / by Dale Kaczmarek.
Call Number: BF1472.U6 K322000

Posted by d-nadler at 03:24 PM | Comments (0)

July 23, 2007

Today in History: July 23rd

The following information can be found at: - This Day in History

1903: First Ford model delivered to buyer

The 1929 Ford Model 'A' RoadsterThe first two-cylinder Ford Model A was delivered to its owner, Dr. Ernst Pfenning of Chicago, on this day in 1903. The Model A was the result of a partnership between Henry Ford and Detroit coal merchant Alexander Malcomson. Ford had met Malcomson while working at Edison Illuminating Company: Malcomson sold him coal. Read the complete article.
Cite this article:
First Ford model delivered to buyer. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 04:17, Jul 23, 2007, from

Books in the GSU Library about the history of the automobile:
Title: Automobile quarterly’s world of cars / produced by the editors of Automobile quarterly.
Call Number: TL155 .A8

Author: Wherry, Joseph H.
Title: Automobiles of the world : the story of the development of the automobile, with many rare illustrations from a score of nations / Joseph H. Wherry.
Call Number: TL15 .W47

Author: Rae, John Bell, 1911-
Title: The American automobile : a brief history / by John B. Rae.
Call Number: HD9710.U52 R29

1918: A string of mysterious deaths surrounds a Nebraska woman

Della Sorenson kills the first of her seven victims in rural Nebraska by poisoning her sister-in-law's infant daughter, Viola Cooper. Over the next seven years, friends, relatives, and acquaintances of Sorenson repeatedly died under mysterious circumstances before anyone finally realized that it had to be more than a coincidence. Read the complete article.
Cite this article:
A string of mysterious deaths surrounds a Nebraska woman. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 04:21, Jul 23, 2007, from

Books in the GSU Library about serial killers:

Author: Ramsland, Katherine M., 1953-
Title: Inside the minds of mass murderers : why they kill / Katherine Ramsland.
Call Number: HV6515 .R2532005

Author: McLaren, Angus.
Title: A prescription for murder : the Victorian serial killings of Dr. Thomas Neill Cream / Angus McLaren.
Call Number: HV6535.G6 L65641993

Author: Hickey, Eric W.
Title: Serial murderers and their victims / Eric W. Hickey.
Call Number: HV6529 .H531997

1967: The 12th Street riot

In the early morning hours of July 23, 1967, one of the worst riots in U.S. history breaks out on 12th Street in the heart of Detroit's predominantly African-American inner city. By the time it was quelled four days later by 7,000 National Guard and U.S. Army troops, 43 people were dead, 342 injured, and nearly 1,400 buildings had been burned. Read the complete article.
Cite this article:
The 12th Street riot. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 04:40, Jul 23, 2007, from

Books in the GSU Library on the Detroit riots:
Author: Fine, Sidney, 1920-
Title: Violence in the model city : the Cavanagh administration, race relations, and the Detroit riot of 1967 / Sidney Fine.
Call Number: F574.D49 N43941989

Author: Gordon, Leonard.
Title: A city in racial crisis; the case of Detroit pre- and post- the 1967 riot.
Call Number: F574.D4 G66

Search the library catalog for more books on the above topics.

Posted by d-nadler at 03:06 PM | Comments (0)

July is National Ice Cream Month

July is almost over, but there is still time to celebrate National Ice Cream Month.

The following Ice Cream Trivia can be found at: CyberSpace Ag: Dairy Cattle – Ice Cream Trivia

• It takes approximately 1.4 gallons of milk to make 1 gallon of ice cream.
• The first ice cream parlor opened in New York City in 1776.
• George Washington liked ice cream so much he reportedly had a bill for $200 for ice cream one summer.
• Dolly Madison created a sensation when she served ice cream at a White House inaugural ball in 1812.
• The first ice cream cone was made, served, and eaten in New York City on September 22, 1886. The maker, Italo Marchiony, was granted a patent on his cone mold in 1903.
• The waffle cone was invented in 1904 at the St. Louis Worlds’ Fair.
• The first hand-cranked ice cream maker was developed by Nancy Johnson in 1846.

For more information about ice cream:

IDFA - Ice Cream Facts

Ice Cream: Selected Internet Sources (Science Reference Services, Library of Congress)

How many different flavors of ice cream can you name? I'll start the list with:


Posted by d-nadler at 01:03 PM | Comments (0)

July 19, 2007

Today in History: July 19th

The following information can be found at: - This Day in History

1553: Lady Jane Grey deposed

After only nine days as the monarch of England, Lady Jane Grey is deposed in favor of her cousin Mary. The 15-year-old Lady Jane, beautiful and intelligent, had only reluctantly agreed to be put on the throne. The decision would result in her execution. Read the complete article.
Cite the above article:
Lady Jane Grey deposed. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 04:18, Jul 19, 2007, from

The following reference book in the GSU Library has information on Lady Jane Grey:
Author: Jackson, Guida.
Title: Women who ruled / Guida M. Jackson.
Call Number:REF. D107 .J331990

1799: Rosetta Stone found

On this day in 1799, during Napoleon Bonaparte's Egyptian campaign, a French soldier discovers a black basalt slab inscribed with ancient writing near the town of Rosetta, about 35 miles nor ... Watch the video clip.

For more information on the Rosetta Stone, the GSU Library has the following book available:
Author: Budge, E. A. Wallis (Ernest Alfred Wallis), Sir, 1857-1934.
Title: The Rosetta stone.
Call Number:PJ1531.R5 R6X1950

1898: Emile Zola flees France

Novelist Emile Zola flees France on this day in 1898 to escape imprisonment after being convicted of libel against the French army in the notorious Dreyfus affair. Read the complete article.
Cite this article:
Emile Zola flees France. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:11, Jul 19, 2007, from

If you are interested in finding out more information about Emile Zola, the GSU library has several books in the collection. Here are two titles:
Author: Vizetelly, Ernest Alfred, 1853-1922.
Title: Émile Zola, novelist and reformer; an account of his life & work.
Call Number: PQ2528 .V61971

Author: Josephson, Matthew, 1899-1978.
Title: Zola and his time : the history of his martial career in letters, with an account of his circle of friends, his remarkable enemies, cyclopean labors, public campaigns, trials, and ultimate glorification / by Matthew Josephson.
Call Number: PQ2528 .J61969
Search the library catalog for more titles.

1935 : Parking meters debut

A woman feeding the meter in New York, 1948The first automatic parking meter in the U.S., the Park-O-Meter invented by Carlton Magee, was installed in Oklahoma City by the Dual Parking Meter Company. Twenty-foot spaces were painted on the pavement, and a parking meter that accepted nickels was planted in the concrete at the head of each space. The city paid for the meters with funds collected from them. Today parking meters are big business. Companies offer digital parking meters, smart parking meters, and, even more remarkably, user-friendly parking meters. The user-friendly parking meters are an attempt to stem the tide of "violent confrontations" between users and their meters.
Cite this article:
Parking meters debut. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:25, Jul 19, 2007, from

1979: Oil tankers collide in Caribbean Sea

On this day in 1979, two gigantic supertankers collide off the island of Little Tobago in the Caribbean Sea, killing 26 crew members and spilling 280,000 tons of crude oil into the sea. At the time, it was the worst oil-tanker accident in history and remains one of the very few times in history when two oil tankers have collided. Read the complete article.
Cite this article:
Oil tankers collide in Caribbean Sea. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:30, Jul 19, 2007, from

Posted by d-nadler at 03:09 PM | Comments (0)

July 17, 2007

Today in History: July 17th

The following information is from This day in History

1793: French assassin Charlotte Corday is guillotined
Assassin Charlotte Corday is executed by guillotine in Paris, France.

The 25-year-old woman had killed leading French politician Jean Paul Marat four days earlier in his home. Blaming him for the revolutionary war that was breaking out in France, Corday confessed to the murder. Read the complete article.

Cite this article:
French assassin Charlotte Corday is guillotined. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:00, Jul 17, 2007, from

Books in the GSU Library:
Author: Bowen, Marjorie, pseud.
Title: The angel of the assassination; Marie-Charlotte de Corday d’Armont, Jean-Paul Marat, Jean-Adam Lux; a study of three disciples of Jean-Jacque Rousseau, by Joseph Shearing.
Call Number: DC146.C8 S41935A

1870: "Wild Bill" Hickok kills a soldier

A drunken brawl turns deadly when "Wild Bill" Hickok shoots two soldiers in self-defense, mortally wounding one of them. Read the complete article.

Cite the article:
"Wild Bill" Hickok kills a soldier. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:03, Jul 17, 2007, from

Books in the GSU Library:
Author: Holbrook, Stewart Hall, 1893-1964.
Title: Wild Bill Hickok tames the West; illustrated by Ernest Richardson.
Call Number: MAT-CTR. PZ7.H696 WI

1938: "Wrong Way" Corrigan crosses the Atlantic

Douglas Corrigan, the last of the early glory-seeking fliers, takes off from Floyd Bennett field in Brooklyn, New York, on a flight that would finally win him a place in aviation history. Read the complete article.

Cite this article:
"Wrong Way" Corrigan crosses the Atlantic. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:26, Jul 17, 2007, from

1955: Disneyland, Walt Disney's metropolis of nostalgia, fantasy, and futurism, opens on July 17, 1955. The $17 million theme park was built on 160 acres of former orange groves in Anaheim, Califo ... View video clips.

Read about Walt Disney:
Author: Watts, Steven, 1952-
Title: The Magic Kingdom : Walt Disney and the American way of life / Steven Watts.
Call Number: NC1766.U52 D5927 1997

Posted by d-nadler at 03:32 PM | Comments (0)

July 11, 2007

Today in History: July 11th

The following information can be found at: This Day in History:

1804: Alexander Hamilton is killed in a duel
A duel between the prominent Americans Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton leaves Hamilton dead. Burr was angry over hearing that Hamilton had insulted his character, and challenged the former general to a duel. Although both men were New Yorkers, they crossed the Hudson to Weehawken, New Jersey for the duel, since New Jersey did not have a law against dueling at the time, but New York did. Ironically, the men's home state had banned the practice partly due to Hamilton's own efforts after his son was killed in a duel. Some believe that, because of his aversion to the practice, Hamilton intentionally wasted his shot. Read the complete article.
Alexander Hamilton is killed in a duel. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:31, Jul 11, 2007, from

Books in the GSU Library about Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr:
Title: Alexander Hamilton / Henry Cabot Lodge ; introduction by Mary-Jo Kline.
Call Number: E302.6.H2 L81980

Title: The young Hamilton : a biography / James Thomas Flexner
Call Number: E302.6.H2 F58

Author: Melton, Buckner F.
Title: Aaron Burr : conspiracy to treason / Buckner F. Melton, Jr.
Call Number: E334 .M452002

Author: Lomask, Milton.
Title: Aaron Burr, the conspiracy and years of exile, 1805-1836 / Milton Lomas
Call Number: E302.6.B9 L711982

1938: Orson Welles' radio show debuts
On this day in 1938, radio drama Mercury Theater on the Air debuts, featuring Orson Welles and John Houseman, founders of the Mercury Theater in New York. The show, a dramatic anthology program, is best remembered for its 1938 broadcast of The War of the Worlds, a fictional drama about a Martian invasion in Grovers Mill, New Jersey. The program, which aired on Halloween, sparked a panic among listeners who believed the play was a real news broadcast.
Orson Welles' radio show debuts. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:37, Jul 11, 2007, from

Read War of the Worlds:
Author: Wells, H. G. (Herbert George), 1866-1946.
Title: The War of the worlds.
Call Number: PR5774 .W3

1944: Hitler is paid a visit by his would-be assassin
On this day in 1944, Count Claus von Stauffenberg, a German army officer, transports a bomb to Adolf Hitler's headquarters in Berchtesgaden, in Bavaria, with the intention of assassinating the Fuhrer. Read the complete article.
Hitler is paid a visit by his would-be assassin. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:38, Jul 11, 2007, from
1970: "Mama Told Me Not to Come" tops the charts
"Mama Told Me Not to Come," recorded by Three Dog Night, hits No. 1 on the Billboard charts. This was the only song by Randy Newman to hit No. 1, although Newman's own recording of his song "Short People" rose to No. 2 in 1978. Newman, the nephew of two film composers, became a singer-songwriter in the early 1960s and his wry humor quickly gained a following. Over the years, Judy Collins, Joe Cocker, Peggy Lee, Elvis Costello, Barbra Streisand, and many others have recorded his songs. Newman began composing for television and film in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and has won numerous Oscar nominations for his soundtracks.
"Mama Told Me Not to Come" tops the charts. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:37, Jul 11, 2007, from

1979: Skylab crashes to Earth
Parts of Skylab, America's first space station, come crashing down on Australia and into the Indian Ocean five years after the last manned Skylab mission ended. No one was injured. Read the complete article.
Skylab crashes to Earth. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:42, Jul 11, 2007, from

Internet Resources on Skylab:
Author: Belew, Leland F.
Title: Skylab [electronic resource] : a guidebook / by Leland F. Belew and Ernst Stuhlinger
Related URL:

1985: "New Coke" is introduced
Robert Goizueta, Chairman and CEO of The Coca-Cola Co. toasts the ÝNew CokeÝ with Donald Keough, President and COO, in 1985Nineteen-eighty-five was a trying year for America's soda. With hopes of eking out a lead in the hotly contested "Cola Wars," soft drink giant Coca-Cola decided to muck about with the recipe for its namesake drink. As ill-conceived as the notion may sound to our ears now, Coke thought it had a winner at the time. Indeed, an expensive battery of market testing seemed to bode well for the new formula. Read the complete article."
New Coke" is introduced. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 05:44, Jul 11, 2007, from

Books and video's in the GSU Library about Coca Cola:
Author: Louis, J. C.
Title: The cola wars / J.C. Louis and Harvey Z. Yazijian
Call Number: HD9348.U54 C6341980

Title: Cola wars [videorecording] : message in a bottle / produced and directed by Arif Nurmohamed ; BBC Learning
Call Number: VIDEO. HF5415.12.M537 C662005

Author: Pendergrast, Mark
Title: For God, country and Coca-Cola : the unauthorized history of the great American soft drink and the company that makes it / Mark Pendergrast.
Call Number: HD9349.S634 C6741994

Title: Coke’s first 100 years ... and a look into the future / Beverage World.
Call Number: HD9349.S634 C64X

Posted by d-nadler at 04:32 PM | Comments (0)

July 10, 2007

Today in History: July 10th

The following information comes from: Those Were the Days - Today in History

1890 - Wyoming, the state with the smallest population entered the Union this day. The 44th state was named after an Algonquin Indian word meaning ‘large prairie place’. Appropriately, the Indian paintbrush that covers much of the large prairie is the state flower and the meadowlark, frequently seen circling the prairie land, is the state bird. Another Indian term, Cheyenne, is also the name of the state capital. Wyoming is called the Equality State because it is the first state to have granted women the right to vote (1869).

1900 - One of the most famous trademarks in the world, ‘His Master’s Voice’, was registered with the U.S. Patent Office. The logo of the Victor Talking Machine Company, and later, RCA Victor, shows the dog, Nipper, looking into the horn of a gramophone machine.

1920 - One of the greatest horse races in America was run as Man o’ War defeated John P. Grier in the Dwyer Stakes. Man o’ War set a world-record time of 1 minute, 49-1/5 seconds in the 1-1/8 mile event.

1929 - The U.S. government began issuing paper money in the small size we currently carry.

1951 - Sugar Ray Robinson was defeated for only the second time in 133 fights. 7-2 underdog Randy Turpin took the middleweight crown from Robinson in a 15-round referee’s decision in London, England. (Sugar Ray took the title back September 12th at the Polo Grounds in New York.)

1985 - The Coca-Cola Company announced that the former (regular) Coke was coming back to share shelf space with the New Coke, after a consumer furor. The original formula was renamed Coca-Cola Classic.

1991 - After 1,000 years, the Russian people were finally permitted to elect a president. Boris Yeltsin took the oath of office this day, after he had resoundingly defeated the Communist Party candidate.

1998 - Lethal Weapon 4 premiered, garnering $34.05 box-office bucks its opening weekend. Martin Riggs (Mel Gibson) and Roger Murtaugh (Danny Glover) are on the hit list of the nasty Chinese Triads. Riggs and Murtaugh are helped(?) by Leo Getz (Joe Pesci) and Lee Butters (Chris Rock). Lorna Cole (played by Rene Russo) is Riggs’ sweetie this time around.

Posted by d-nadler at 10:51 AM | Comments (0)

July 09, 2007

Today in History: July 9th

The following entries are from: This Day in History:

1850: President Taylor dies of cholera

Zachary Taylor, the 12th president of the United States, dies suddenly from an attack of cholera morbus. He was succeeded by Millard Fillmore. Read the complete article.

President Taylor dies of cholera. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 12:17, Jul 9, 2007, from

Books in the GSU Library about Zachary Taylor:
Title: The presidencies of Zachary Taylor & Millard Fillmore / Elbert B. Smith
Call Number: E421 .S651988

1892: Showdown at Homestead steel plant

Henry Clay FrickBy the late nineteenth century, the workers at Andrew Carnegie's Homestead, PA plant had eked out a modicum of power. They won a key strike in 1889, and in the process became a potent unit of the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers. Still, these victories hardly erased the harsh working conditions at the Homestead mills. Nor did they mean that the Carnegie Company was pleased with or readily recognized the union. Read the complete article
Showdown at Homestead steel plant. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 12:19, Jul 9, 2007, from

1941: Enigma key broken

On this day in 1941, crackerjack British cryptologists break the secret code used by the German army to direct ground-to-air operations on the Eastern front. Read the complete article
Enigma key broken. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 12:43, Jul 9, 2007, from

1947: First female army officer

In a ceremony held at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, General Dwight D. Eisenhower appoints Florence Blanchfield to be a lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Army, making her the first woman in U.S. history to hold permanent military rank.Read the complete article

First female army officer. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 12:41, Jul 9, 2007, from

1983: Police's "Every Breath You Take" hits No. 1

The first single released from The Police's 1983 hit album Synchronicity tops the charts. The British group had been together since 1977 and had released five albums. Synchronicity was their most successful, and also their last, studio album. The band took a "sabbatical" after the album, and although the members played together live a few more times, they never recorded together again.

Police's "Every Breath You Take" hits No. 1. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 12:48, Jul 9, 2007, from

1993: Romanov remains identified

British forensic scientists announce that they have positively identified the remains of Russia's last czar, Nicholas II; his wife, Czarina Alexandra; and three of their daughters. The scientists used mitochondria DNA fingerprinting to identify the bones, which had been excavated from a mass grave near Yekaterinburg in 1991. Read the complete article
Romanov remains identified. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 12:50, Jul 9, 2007, from

Books in the GSU Library on Czar Nicholas II:
Title: Nicholas and Alexandra / Robert K. Massie
Call Number: DK258 .M32000

Title: The file on the Tsar / Anthony Summers, Tom Mangold
Call Number: DK258 .S861976

Posted by d-nadler at 11:04 AM | Comments (0)

July 06, 2007

Today in History: July 6th

The following information is from: This Day in History:

1862: Mark Twain begins reporting in Virginia City

Writing under the name of Mark Twain, Samuel Clemens begins publishing news stories in the Virginia City Territorial Enterprise.
Read the complete article.

Mark Twain begins reporting in Virginia City. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 02:12, Jul 6, 2007, from

Books in the GSU Library about Mark Twain:
Title: Mark Twain : a literary life / Everett Emerson.
Call Number: PS1331 .E48 2000

Title: The ordeal of Mark Twain / by Van Wyck Brooks.
Call Number: PS1331 .B71977

1942: Frank family takes refuge

In Nazi-occupied Holland, 13-year-old Jewish diarist Anne Frank and her family are forced to take refuge in a secret sealed-off area of an Amsterdam warehouse. The day before, Anne's older s ...
View the video.

Read Anne Frank's diary:
Title: The diary of a young girl : the definitive edition / Anne Frank ; edited by Otto H. Frank and Mirjam Pressler ; translated by Susan Massotty.
Call Number: DS135.N6 F733131995

1946: George "Bugs" Moran is arrested

FBI agents arrest George "Bugs" Moran, along with fellow crooks Virgil Summers and Albert Fouts, in Kentucky. Once one of the biggest organized crime figures in America, Moran had been reduced to small bank robberies by this time. He died in prison 11 years later.
Read the complete article.

George "Bugs" Moran is arrested. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 02:19, Jul 6, 2007, from

1971: Satchmo dies

Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong, one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century, dies in New York City at the age of 69. A world-renowned jazz trumpeter and vocalist, he pioneered jazz improvisation and the style known as swing.
Read the complete article.

Satchmo dies. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 02:27, Jul 6, 2007, from

Books in the GSU Library about Louis Armstrong:
Title: Louis Armstrong, his life and times / by Mike Pinfold.
Call Number: ML419.A75 P551987

Title: Louis Armstrong / by Hugues Panassie ; photograph collection by Jack Bradley.
Call Number: ML419.A75 P33

1988: Explosion on North Sea oil rig

On this day in 1988, an explosion rips through an oil rig in the North Sea, killing 167 workers. It was the worst offshore oil-rig disaster in history.
Read the complete article.

Explosion on North Sea oil rig. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 02:28, Jul 6, 2007, from

Posted by d-nadler at 01:07 PM | Comments (0)

July 05, 2007

Today in History: July 5th

The following information is from: This Day in History:

1865: Conspirators court-martialed for plotting to kill Lincoln, Grant and Andrew Johnson
On this day in 1865, President Andrew Johnson signs an executive order that confirms the military conviction of a group of people who had conspired to kill the late President Abraham Lincoln, then commander in chief of the U.S. Army. With his signature, Johnson ordered four of the guilty to be executed. Read the complete article.

Conspirators court-martialed for plotting to kill Lincoln, Grant and Andrew Johnson. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 08:01, Jul 5, 2007, from

1916: Children banned from theaters

On this day in 1916, children under 16 are banned from New York City theaters due to an outbreak of polio. Some 200 theaters shut down throughout the summer. In 1919, a similar incident took place when the worldwide flu epidemic results in the closure of many theaters and the temporary halt of new film releases.

Children banned from theaters. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 08:04, Jul 5, 2007, from

1946: Bikini introduced
On July 5, 1946, French designer Louis Reard unveils a daring two-piece swimsuit at the Piscine Molitor, a popular swimming pool in Paris. Parisian showgirl Micheline Bernardini modeled the new fashion, which Reard dubbed "bikini," inspired by a news-making U.S. atomic test that took place off the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean earlier that week. Read the complete article.

Bikini introduced. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 08:35, Jul 5, 2007, from

1954: Elvis records "That's All Right, Mama"

On this day in 1954, Elvis Presley records "That's All Right, Mama," which became a local hit. Presley had caught the interest of recording executive Sam Phillips when he cut a record for his mother's birthday in 1953. Phillips later asked him to record a few songs. Phillips was unimpressed with the session--which took place on July 5, 1954--until Presley and a friend started playing rhythm and blues between takes. Impressed with an improvised version of Arthur Crudup's "That's All Right, Mama," Phillips asked Presley to record the song, and two days later it became a sensation on a Memphis radio station. This recording is considered by many as the official "birth of rock and roll."

Elvis records "That's All Right, Mama". (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 09:17, Jul 5, 2007, from

1996: First successful cloning of a mammal

On this day in 1996, Dolly the sheep--the first mammal to have been successfully cloned from an adult cell--is born at the Roslin Institute in Scotland. Originally code-named "6LL3," the clo ... Watch the video clip.

1996 - First Cloned Mammal Born

On July 5, 1996, researches in Scotland create the lamb "Dolly" from the DNA of an adult sheep. ... Watch the video clip.

Posted by d-nadler at 06:35 PM | Comments (0)

July 03, 2007

Today in History: July 3rd

The following information is from This Day in History:

1863: Pickett leads his infamous charge at Gettysburg
Troops under Confederate General George Pickett begin a massive attack against the center of the Union lines at Gettysburg on the climactic third day of the Battle of Gettysburg, the largest engagement of the war. General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia encountered George Meade's Army of the Potomac in Pennsylvania and battered the Yankees for two days. The day before Pickett's charge, the Confederates had hammered each flank of the Union line but could not break through. Read the complete article.

Pickett leads his infamous charge at Gettysburg. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 03:23, Jul 3, 2007, from

Books in the GSU Library about the Battle of Gettysburg:
Title: The third day at Gettysburg: Pickett’s Charge [by] Alan M. Hollingsworth and James M. Cox
Call Number: E475.53 .H697
1890: Idaho becomes 43rd state

Title: Gettysburg, ed. by Earl Schenck Miers and Richard A. Brown. Maps by Harold C. Detje
Call Number: E475.51 .M5

1890: Idaho, the last of the 50 states to be explored by whites, is admitted to the union.

Exploration of the North American continent mostly proceeded inward from the Atlantic and Pacific coasts and northward from Spanish Mexico. Therefore, the rugged territory that would become Idaho long remained untouched by Spanish, French, British, and American trappers and explorers. Even as late as 1805, Idaho Indians like the Shoshone had never encountered a white man. Read the complete article.

Idaho becomes 43rd state. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 03:17, Jul 3, 2007, from

1957: Khrushchev consolidates his power
Nikita Khrushchev takes control in the Soviet Union by orchestrating the ouster of his most serious opponents from positions of authority in the Soviet government. Khrushchev's action delighted the United States, which viewed him as a more moderate figure in the communist government of Russia. Read the complete article.

Khrushchev consolidates his power. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 03:21, Jul 3, 2007, from

Books in the GSU Library about Khrushchev:
Title: Khrushchev’s double bind : international pressures and domestic coalition politics / James G. Richter.
Call Number: DK282 .R531994

Title: Khrushchev remembers, the last testament / translated and edited by Strobe Talbott ; with a foreword by Edward Crankshaw and an introd. by Jerrold L. Schecter.
Call Number: DK275.K5 A326

1971: Jim Morrison dies
On this day in 1971, singer Jim Morrison is found dead in a bathtub in Paris. Morrison, 27, was taking a sabbatical from his hit rock band, The Doors, when he died of heart failure, likely caused by a drug overdose. Rumors abounded that Morrison, tired of fame, had faked his own death. Read the complete article.

Jim Morrison dies. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 03:21, Jul 3, 2007, from

1996: Union and Southern Pacific merger given go-ahead
Railroad workers in San Francisco protesting the Union Pacific and Southern Pacific mergerBy the summer of 1996, Union Pacific Railroad's bid to acquire fellow rail giant Southern Pacific probably seemed less like a savvy business move than a political and legal nightmare. The proposed $3.9 billion merger attracted a torrent of opposition shortly after it was announced in August of 1995. Read the complete article.

Union and Southern Pacific merger given go-ahead. (2007). The History Channel website. Retrieved 03:20, Jul 3, 2007, from

Posted by d-nadler at 02:07 PM | Comments (0)

July 02, 2007

Today in History: July 2nd

The following information can be found at: Those Were the Days - Today in History:


The 2nd of July, 1964 signifies the date it was no longer legal in the United States to discriminate against others because of their race. It was on this day that U.S. President Lyndon Baines Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law. The law included the prohibition of discrimination on the basis of race, not only where the registration of voters was involved, but also in public accommodations, in publicly owned or operated facilities, in employment and union membership.

Title VI of the bill provided for more than a slap on the hand to persistent lawbreakers who received federal funding. It allowed for the cancellation of such monies.

The law is still in effect ... with discrimination because of gender, age and religion also prohibited.

Books in the GSU Library:
Title: Encyclopedia of American civil rights and liberties / edited by Otis H. Stephens, Jr., John M. Scheb II, Kara E. Stooksbury.
Call Number: REF. KF4748 .E532006

Title: The American Civil Liberties Union & the making of modern liberalism, 1930-1960 / Judy Kutulas.
Call Number: JC599.U5 K972006

Find more books.

New York City’s first elevated railroad officially opened for business. Commuters soon called the mode of transportation the El.

1921 -
The first prize fight offering a million-dollar gate was broadcast on radio. Jack Dempsey knocked out George Carpentier in the fourth round of the bout in Jersey City, NJ.

Read about Jack Dempsey:
Title: When Dempsey fought Tunney : heroes, hokum, and storytelling in the Jazz Age / Bruce J. Evensen.
Call Number: GV1132.D4 E841996
1955 -
“Ah one anna two...” ABC Television premiered The Lawrence Welk Show. In Welk’s 24-piece band was the ’Champagne Lady’, Alice Lon.

1956 -
Elvis Presley recorded Hound Dog and Don’t Be Cruel for his new record label home, RCA Victor. In addition, Elvis recorded Any Way You Want Me for later release.

Read about Elvis Presley:
Title: Elvis culture : fans, faith, & image / Erika Doss.
Call Number: ML420.P96 D681999

Title: Last train to Memphis : the rise of Elvis Presley / Peter Guralnick.
Call Number: ML420.P96 G871994

1966 -

MAD magazine, featuring that lovable madcap dweeb, Alfred E. “What Me Worry?” Neuman, was promoting rental cars and shaving cream on postal stamps! Fifteen years later, the U.S. Congress, which didn’t find the stunt very funny, introduced ad stamp legislation of its own to relieve the post office deficit.

Read about Mad Magazine:
Title: American icons : an encyclopedia of the people, places, and things that have shaped our culture / edited by Dennis R. Hall and Susan Grove Hall.
Call Number: REF. E169.1 .A4721552006
1984 -
Epic Records set a record as two million copies of the Jacksons’ new album, Victory, were shipped to stores. It was the first time that such a large shipment had been initially sent to retailers. The LP arrived just days before Michael and his brothers started their hugely successful Victory Tour.

1997 -
Men in Black opened in the U.S. It’s a fun-filled sci-fi tale about a secret organization that’s been keeping track of extra-terrestrial aliens on Earth for over 40 years. This organization so secret that when you retire, your memory of it is erased! Agents Kay (Tommy Lee Jones) and Jay (Will Smith) expose a plot by intergalactic terrorist Edgar (Vincent D'Onofrio) who has beamed (or whatever) to Earth to assassinate two ambassadors from opposing galaxies. Complex, but hilarious, but action packed. Audiences beamed (or whatever) to theatres the first weekend, spending $51.07 million on the movie.

Read about Will Smith:
Title: Will Smith / by Stacey Stauffer.
Call Number: MAT-CTR. PN2287.S612 S72 1998

Search the Library Catalog for more books.

Posted by d-nadler at 10:51 AM | Comments (0)

June 30, 2007

Today in History: June 30th

The following information is from: Today in History:

1876: Soldiers are evacuated from the Little Big Horn by steamboat
After a slow two-day march, the wounded soldiers from the Battle of the Little Big Horn reach the steamboat Far West. Read the complete article.

Books and Video's in the GSU Library on Little Big Horn:
Title: Last stand at Little Big Horn [videorecording] / WGBH Educational Foundation and Thirteen/WNET
Call Number: FLM-VDO. E83.876.L37 X1993VIDEORECORD3040

Title: Custer Battlefield : a history and guide to the Battle of the Little Bighorn / by Robert M. Utley
Call Number: DOCS. I29.9/5:132/CORR.

1934: Night of the Long Knives
In Germany, Nazi leader Adolf Hitler orders a bloody purge of his own political party, assassinating hundreds of Nazis whom he believed had the potential to become political enemies in the future. The leadership of the Nazi Storm Troopers (SA), whose four million members had helped bring Hitler to power in the early 1930s, was especially targeted. Hitler feared that some of his followers had taken his early "National Socialism" propaganda too seriously and thus might compromise his plan to suppress workers' rights in exchange for German industry making the country war-ready. Read the complete article.

Books in the GSU Library about Night of the Long Knives:
Title: The hundred days to Hitler / by Roger Manvell and Heinrich Fraenkel.
Call Number: DD247.H5 M251974

Title: The night of long knives. Translated from the French by Lily Emmet.
Call Number: MAT-CTR. DD247.R56 G3131972

1936: Gone with the Wind is published
Margaret Mitchell's only novel, Gone with the Wind, is published on this day in 1936. The book will become one of the bestselling novels of all time, selling some 25 million copies. The book sold 1 million copies within six months, with as many as 50,000 copies being bought on a single day. Read the complete article.

Read the book:
Author: Mitchell, Margaret, 1900-1949.
Title: Gone with the wind / by Margaret Mitchell.
Call Number: PS3525.I972 G61964a

Watch the video:
Title: Gone with the wind [videorecording] / a Selznick International Picture, Selznick International in association with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer ; produced by David O. Selznick ; screenplay by Sidney Howard ; directed by Victor Fleming.
Call Number: VIDEO. PS3525.I972 G622005

1953: First Corvette produced
The Chevy Corvette on the showroom floor in New York City, circa 1953The first Chevrolet Corvette, a white convertible roadster with a red interior, was produced in temporary facilities in Flint, Michigan. The Corvette was born as a dream car for the 1953 Motorama. The first all-fiberglass-bodied American sports car, the Vette turned heads with its release. The sleek lines of the 1953 edition are among the best produced by American car design. Read the complete article.

1969: Last Rambler rolls off line
The Chevy Corvette on the showroom floor in New York City, circa 1953The last of 4,204,925 Ramblers was produced, ringing in the final hour for the storied car line. The Nash Rambler had originally been developed by George Walter Mason after World War II. Mason realized before anyone else that the postwar "seller's market" would evaporate once the market was again saturated with cars. Read the complete story.

1981: A first-time offender ends up on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted List
Glen Godwin, a young business owner, is convicted of murder in Riverside County, California, and sentenced to 26-years-to-life in prison. According to his roommate's testimony, Godwin stomped on, choked, and then stabbed Kim LeValley, an acquaintance and local drug dealer, 28 times before using homemade explosives to blow up his body in the desert near Palm Springs. Godwin, who had no previous record, eventually found his way onto the FBI's Ten Most Wanted List. Read the complete article.

Posted by d-nadler at 12:42 PM | Comments (0)

June 29, 2007

Today in History: June 29th

The following information can be found at: This Day in History:

1835: Texan William Travis prepares for war with Mexico
Determined to win independence for the Mexican State of Texas, William Travis raises a volunteer army of 25 soldiers and prepares to liberate the city of Anahuac. Read the complete article.

1915: Austria-Hungary protests shipment of U.S. munitions to Britain
On June 29, 1915, Foreign Minister Istvan von Burian of Austria-Hungary sends a note to the United States protesting the U.S. sale and shipment of munitions in enormous quantities to Britain and its allies for use against the Central Powers—Austria-Hungary and Germany—on the battlefields of World War I. Read the complete article.

1943: FDR writes to Manhattan Project physicist Dr. Robert Oppenheimer
On this day in1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt writes a letter marked “secret” to leading Manhattan Project physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer. In the letter, Roosevelt sought to smooth over the growing antagonism between Oppenheimer and General Leslie Groves, the military leader in charge of the project. Read the complete article.

Books in the GSU Library about Openheimer:
Author: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.
Uniform Title: In the matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer; transcript of hearing before Personnel Security Board
Title: In the matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer: transcript of hearing before Personnel Security Board and texts of principal documents and letters. Foreword by Philip M. Stern.
Call Number: QC16.O62 U541971

Author: Wilson, Thomas Williams.
Title: The great weapons heresy [by] Thomas W. Wilson, Jr.
Call Number: QC16.O62 W5

1974: Isabela Peron takes office as Argentine president
With Argentine President Juan Peron on his deathbed, Isabela Martinez de Peron, his wife and vice president, is sworn in as the leader of the South American country. President Isabela Peron, a former dancer and Peron's third wife, was the Western Hemisphere's first female head of government. Two days later, Juan died from heart disease, and Isabela was left alone as leader of a nation suffering from serious economic and political strife. Read the complete article.

Posted by d-nadler at 09:07 AM | Comments (0)

June 28, 2007

Today in History: June 28th

The following information is from: Those Were the Days - Today in History:

1894 - U.S. President Grover Cleveland signed an act of Congress, making Labor Day a federal holiday in the U.S. The first Monday of September is when Labor Day is celebrated as a salute to working men and women across the country.

1914 - World War I began. Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife were assassinated while at (what is now known as) Sarajevo, Bosnia.

1976 - Women entered the Air Force Academy for the first time on this day. President Gerald R. Ford had actually opened the door by signed legislation [Oct 7, 1975] allowing women to enter the nation’s military academies. The first Air Force Academy class with women graduated in May 1980.

1985 “Get your kicks...on Route...Six...Six” The words to the classic song made famous by Nat "King" Cole, The Manhattan Transfer, Rosemary Clooney and many others is remembered today, along with the TV show of the same name.
The 59-year-old highway of 2,200 miles of blacktop was decertified as a U.S. highway on this day in 1985. The highway that was a legendary part of Americana saw highway crews removing the classic roadway shield-markers that designated it as the highway west.

Route 66 started in Chicago, Illinois and continued into Santa Monica, California. Martin Milner and George Maharis took us for many spins on the famous highway through the TV series which aired in the early sixties. To travel from one end of Route 66 to the other, one would go through eight states and three time zones. Today, a very small portion of the highway is still open. In some places, grass and vegetation, as seen from the interstate highway or railroad tracks nearby, have all but obscured the once well-traveled Route 66. Some one-stop, out-of-the-way places such as gas stations and greasy-spoon diners are now nothing more than decaying shells of their once glorious past.

1992 - A very strong earthquake shook the high desert of Southern California at 4:57 a.m. The M7.3 earthquake was centered on the eastern side of the San Bernardino Mountains near the town of Landers. The quake was the largest to strike California since the Kern County M7.7 earthquake in 1952. Vigorous rocking and rolling was felt 100 miles away in L.A. and the quake was felt as far away as Central California and Las Vegas, Nevada. Property damage: $56 million, including collapsed buildings, ruptured utility lines and widespread nonstructural damage. Human toll: One killed, 25 seriously injured, 372 treated for some sort of earthquake-related injuries, millions awakened with nightmares for weeks.

1996 - The Citadel, which had fought to keep one woman from enrolling as a cadet in its all-male military academy in 1993, abruptly ended its opposition to enrolling qualified female cadets. The change of policy happened after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled a similar all-male policy at the Virginia Military Institute was unconstitutional. The court said the school could not refuse to accept women while receiving federal or state tax dollars. Had the Citadel decided to retain its 153-year-old men-only policy, it would have lost public tax dollars. As usual, money talked.

1997 - The headlines screamed: “Fight Bites into MGM Earnings,” “Bit Part for Tyson,” “Pay-Per-Chew Bout,” and the one that said it all, “Tyson Disqualified After Ripping Piece of Holyfield’s Ear.” Needless to say (but we will anyway), Evander Holyfield retained his World Boxing Association heavyweight championship after Mike Tyson was disqualified for biting Holyfield, not once, but twice. The Nevada Athletic Commission revoked Mike Tyson’s boxing license for a year and fined him $3 million.

Posted by d-nadler at 08:43 AM | Comments (0)

June 27, 2007

Today in History: June 22nd

The following information is from: Those Were the Days - Today in History:

1874 - Dr. Andrew Taylor Still began the first known practice of osteopathy.

1937 - Joe Louis, the Brown Bomber, knocked out James J. Braddock in a boxing match in Chicago, Illinois. The bout lasted eight rounds and Louis was announced as the world heavyweight boxing champion.

1938 - Joe Louis knocked out Germany's Max Schmeling in the first round, in a bout at Yankee Stadium.

1942 - V-Mail, or Victory-Mail, was sent for the first time. V-Mail used a special paper for letter writing during WWII. It was designed to reduce cargo space taken up by mail sent to and from members of the armed services. The letters written on this special paper were opened at the post office, censored and reduced in size by photography. One roll of film contained 1,500 letters.

1959 - "The Battle of New Orleans", by Johnny Horton, started week number four at the top of the nation’s music Tunedex. The song was number one for a total of six weeks. It was Horton’s only number one record and million-seller. He had big hits, however, with movie music: "Sink the Bismarck" and "North to Alaska" (from the film by the same title, starring John Wayne) -- both in 1960. Horton, from Tyler, TX, married Billie Jean Jones, Hank Williams’ widow. Tragically, Johnny Horton was killed in a car crash on November 5, 1960.

1985 - "People" magazine had an interesting story in the week’s issue. It took a death count in Sylvester Stallone’s "Rambo" flick, finding that there were 44 people killed directly. The wizards at "People" figured out that this was an average of one body biting the "Rambo" dust every 2.1 minutes. There were also 70 explosions that killed an undetermined number of people, according to the magazine.

1992 - CBS "This Morning" co-host Paula Zahn announced, “Making headlines this morning: Bill Clinton comes up with a plan for the economy. Tax the rich, cut the deficit, and help just about everyone else.” Very similar to the Robin Hood system, wasn’t it?

Posted by d-nadler at 05:39 PM | Comments (0)

Today in History: June 27st

The following information can be found at: Today-in-History PAGE OF SCOPES SYSTEMS:

1693: 1st woman's magazine "The Ladies' Mercury" published (London)
1847: NY & Boston linked by telegraph wires
1867: Bank of Calif opens doors
1915: 100ø F (38ø C), Fort Yukon, Alaska (state record)
1917: 1st baseball player (Hank Gowdy) to enter WW I military service
1922: Newberry Medal 1st presented for kids literature (Hendrik Van Loon)
1929: 1st color TV demo (NYC)

1942: FBI captures 8 Nazi saboteurs from a sub off NY's Long Island
1950: Pres Truman orders Air Force & Navy into Korean conflict
1950: UN Security Council calls on members for troops to aid South Korea
1950: US sends 35 military advisers to South Vietnam
1955: 1st automobile seat belt legislation enacted (Illinois)
1966: 1st sci-fi soap opera, "Dark Shadows," premiers
1986: Anne White shocks Wimbeldon by wearing only a body stocking
1990: Salman Rushdie, condemned to death by Iran, contributes $8600 to help their earthquake victims

Posted by d-nadler at 05:13 PM | Comments (0)

June 26, 2007

Today in History: June 26th

The following information can be found at: Today-in-History PAGE OF SCOPES SYSTEMS:

1797: Charles Newbold patents 1st cast-iron plow. He can't sell it to
farmers, though, they fear effects of iron on soil!
1848: 1st pure food law enacted in US
1911: Nieuport sets an aircraft speed record of 83 mph (133 kph)
1916: Cleveland Indians experiment with #s on their jerseys (one game)
1917: 1st American Expeditionary Force arrive in France during WW I
1934: FDR signs Federal Credit Union Act establishing credit unions
1934: W E B Du Bois resigns position at NAACP

1959: Queen Elizabeth & Pres Eisenhower open the St Lawrence Seaway
1960: British Somaliland (now Somalia) gains independence from Britain
1960: Madagascar gains independence from France (National Day)
1962: Boston Red Sox Earl Wilson no-hits LA Angels, 2-0
1963: Kennedy visits W Berlin "Ich bin ein Berliner" (I am a Berliner)
1964: Beatles release "A Hard Day's Night" album
1990: 122ø F in Phoenix Arizona

Posted by d-nadler at 05:25 PM | Comments (0)

June 25, 2007

Today in History: June 25th

The following information can be found at: - Today in Entertainment:

On June 25th, 1951, the first commercial color telecast took place as CBS transmitted a one-hour special from New York to four other cities.

In 1967, The Beatles recorded "All You Need Is Love" live on the "Our World" program, which was seen worldwide.

In 1992, Billy Joel received his high school diploma. Twenty-five years earlier, he had overslept and missed his English and gym finals.

The following information can be found: The New York Times: On This Day:

1788 Virginia ratified the U.S. Constitution.

1868 Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina were readmitted to the Union.

1950 War broke out on the Korean peninsula as forces from the communist North invaded the South.

1996 A truck bomb killed 19 Americans and injured hundreds at a U.S. military housing complex in Saudi Arabia.

1997 Oceanographer Jacques-Yves Cousteau died at age 87.

1997 An unmanned cargo ship crashed into Russia's Mir space station, knocking out half of the station's power and rupturing a pressurized laboratory.

Posted by d-nadler at 05:51 PM | Comments (0)

June 21, 2007

Today in History: June 21st

The following information is from: Those Were the Days - Today in History:

1788 - The colony of New Hampshire became the ninth state to enter the United States of America. It had been a long time coming. For 38 years, the fishing colony, first settled in 1623, and named in 1630 by Captain John Mason after his Hampshire, England home, was a part of the Massachusetts colony. Then, in 1679 it became a separate royal colony. Concord, the capital of the Granite State, was also central to much of the Revolutionary War. The official state bird is the purple finch, and has a matching state flower, the purple lilac.

1834 - Cyrus McCormick patented the first practical reaper for farming.

1853 - The envelope folding machine was patented by Dr. Russell L. Hawes of Worcester, MA.

1859 - Andrew Lanergan of Boston, MA received the first rocket patent. Did the receipt of this patent make Mr. Lanergan of Boston the first rocket scientist?

1948 - For those of us who have a garage full of those 12-inch round, black disks protected by flimsy cardboard covers, this note: Columbia Records announced that it was offering a new Vinylite long-playing record that could hold 23 minutes of music on each side. One of the first LPs produced was of the original cast of the Broadway show, "South Pacific". Critics quickly scoffed at the notion of LPs, since those heavy, breakable, 78 RPM, 10-inch disks with one song on each side, were selling at an all-time high. It didn’t take very long though, for the 33-1/3 RPM album -- and its 7-inch, 45 RPM cousin to revolutionize the music industry and the record buying habits of millions.

1958 - "Splish Splash", Bobby Darin’s first million-seller, was released by Atco Records. The song, written by Darin and Jean Murray, was Atco single #6117, recorded Apr 10, 1958.

1964 - Jim Bunning (later to become a U.S. Senator from Kentucky), a pitcher for the Philadelphia Phillies, threw the first perfect game in the National League in 84 years, leading the Phils to a 6-0 win over the New York Mets. Bunning worked his magic in the first game of a Father’s Day doubleheader. Byrum Saam called the play-by-play on radio. In the second game of the twin-bill, 18-year-old Rick Wise won his first major-league game, 8-2, as the Phillies swept the Mets that summer day. (Bunning was also the first hurler in 61 years to get a no-hitter in both leagues.)

1989 - The U.S. Supreme Court in "Texas v. Johnson" ruled that burning the American flag as a political protest is protected by the First Amendment. In 1984, on Dallas City Hall property, Gregory Lee Johnson burned an American flag to protest Reagan administration policies. He was tried and convicted (one year in jail and $2,000 fine) under a Texas law outlawing flag desecration. The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals had reversed the conviction and the state then appealed to the Supreme Court, which ruled 5-to-4 against the Texas law.

1995 - Microsoft and Netscape officials met at Netscape headquarters in Mountain View, Calif. Notes taken by Netscape co-founder Marc Andreessen indicate that Microsoft offered to buy a share of its rival if Netscape would stop making Navigator for the Windows market. The Andreessen notes would be used later in the U.S. government’s massive antitrust case against Microsoft Corp. (Microsoft founder Bill Gates was painted as the master string-puller in a no-holds-barred plan to destroy Netscape Communications Corp. when it refused to collaborate on a plot to divide the market for Internet browser software.)

Posted by d-nadler at 05:34 PM | Comments (0)

June 20, 2007

Today in History: June 20th

The following information can be found at: TheHistoryNet: Today in History.

1756 Nearly 150 British soldiers are imprisoned in the 'Black Hole' cell of Calcutta. Most die.

1793 Eli Whitney applies for a cotton gin patent.

1819 The paddle-wheel steamship Savannah arrives in Liverpool, England, after a voyage of 27 days and 11 hours--the first steamship to successfully cross the Atlantic.

1901 Charlotte M. Manye of South Africa becomes the first native African to graduate from an American University.

1910 Mexican President Porfirio Diaz proclaims martial law and arrests hundreds.

1920 Race riots in Chicago, Illinois leave two dead and many wounded.

1967 Boxing champion Muhammad Ali is convicted of refusing induction into the American armed services.

1972 President Richard Nixon names General Creigton Abrams as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

1999 NATO declares an official end to its bombing campaign of Yugoslavia.

Posted by d-nadler at 05:47 PM | Comments (0)

June 19, 2007

Today in History: June 19th

The following information can be found at: Those Were the Days:Today in History:

1846 - The first organized baseball game was played on this day. The location was Hoboken, New Jersey. The New York Baseball Club defeated the Knickerbocker Club, 23 to 1. This first game was only four innings long. The New York Nine, as the winners were known, must have really studied the rules to have twenty-three runs batted in. The rules had been formulated just one year earlier by a Mr. Alexander Cartwright, Jr.

1911 - The first motion-picture censorship board was established -- in Pennsylvania.

1912 - The United States government adopted a new rule for all working folks. It established an 8-hour work day. Watch that lunch break, though. You never know if someone from the government might be clocking you...

1936 - Max Schmeling knocked out Joe Louis in the 12th round of their heavyweight boxing match. The German boxer earned his victory at Yankee Stadium in New York.

1943 - The National Football League approved the merger of the Philadelphia Eagles and the Pittsburgh Steelers (the Steagles), a team that lasted one 5-4-1 season; but turned down approval of a similar merger of the Chicago Cardinals and the Bears. The following year the Steelers merged with the Cardinals, another one season combo. The reason teams were merging in the 1940s: so many men were in the armed forces due to WWII, football players were at a premium.

1946 - The first championship prizefight to be televised was seen by boxing fans. Joe Louis tangled with Billy Conn in New York City. To see the fight in person, incidentally, would have cost you $100.

1978 - Whether you're a cat lover or not has nothing to do with whether you chuckle at the antics of the famous, fat, lazy, lasagna-eating, snide cat named Garfield. Garfield came into the world on this day by way of the talented pen of cartoonist Jim Davis. Readers of 41 newspapers throughout the U.S. were the lucky first-time readers of the Garfield strip. There are now over 220-million folks who read Garfield every day in over 2500 newspapers worldwide.

1981 - "Superman II" set the all-time, one-day record for theatre box-office receipts. Moviegoers forked over $5.5 million to see Christopher Reeve as the caped crusader. The three-day record was also shattered on June 21st, 1981, when a total gross of $14 million was collected.

1999 - Horror king/author Stephen King was was run down from behind by a van while walking on the shoulder of a road near his house in Maine. Motorist Brian Smith apparently lost control of his Dodge Caravan (he said his dog distracted him). King suffered a collapsed lung, 2 fractures of his right leg below the knee, a broken right hip, a fractured pelvis, 2 broken ribs and a scalp laceration. Now, that's a horror story!

Posted by d-nadler at 05:41 PM | Comments (0)

June 18, 2007

Today in History: June 18th

The following information can be found at: Those Were the Days:Today in History:

1861 - The first American fly-casting tournament was held in Utica, NY. Lots of anglers cast for fishing prizes and were hooked on the idea.

1898 - Atlantic City, NJ opened its Steel Pier to a large summertime seashore crowd. The world-famous Steel Pier over the Atlantic Ocean offered 9-1/2 miles of amusements, concerts, food, beverages, concessions and more. The Steel Pier once featured a horse that would dive into a pool at the end of the pier, in fact. The summer resort gave many a youngster their start in show biz, like Ed McMahon, who used to be a barker on the ocean pier.

1925 - The first degree in landscape architecture was granted by Harvard University.

1975 - Fred Lynn of the Boston Red Sox had one of the greatest days in major-league baseball history. Lynn contributed 10 runs, 16 total bases on three home runs, a triple and a single in a game against the Detroit Tigers. The Red Sox won the game 15-1.

1977 - Fleetwood Mac worked "Dreams" to the number one spot on the pop music charts this day. It would be the group’s only single to reach number one. Fleetwood Mac placed 18 hits on the charts in the 1970s and 1980s. Nine were top-ten tunes.

1983 - Dr. Sally Ride became the first American woman in space, beginning her ride aboard the space shuttle "Challenger" for a six-day Odyssey.

1986 - Don Sutton of the California Angels pitched his 300th career win to lead Gene Autry’s ball club to a 3-1 win over the Texas Rangers. Sutton went on to win a total of 324 games in his illustrious career.

1996 - Benjamin Netanyahu was sworn in (following Knesset approval) as Israel’s 9th Prime Minister. Netanyahu, the first prime minister born after the establishment of Israel, was elected May 29. His Likud-Party government lasted just under three years. He was defeated by the Labor Party’s leader, Ehud Barak, May 17, 1999.

Posted by d-nadler at 05:36 PM | Comments (0)

June 15, 2007

Today in History: June 15th

The following facts can be found at: The History Channel This Day in History:

1846: U.S.-Canadian border established

Representatives of Great Britain and the United States sign the Oregon Treaty, which settles a long-standing dispute with Britain over who controlled the Oregon territory. The treaty established the 49th parallel from the Rocky Mountains to the Strait of Georgia as the boundary between the United States and British Canada. The United States gained formal control over the future states of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Montana, and the British retained Vancouver Island and navigation rights to part of the Columbia River.
Read the complete article.

1877: First African American graduate of West Point

Henry Ossian Flipper, born a slave in Thomasville, Georgia, in 1856, is the first African American cadet to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. Flipper, who was never spoken to by a white cadet during his four years at West Point, was appointed a second lieutenant in the all-African American 10th Cavalry, stationed at Fort Sill in Indian Territory.

Read the complete article.

1917: U.S. Congress passes Espionage Act

On this day in 1917, some two months after America’s formal entrance into World War I against Germany, the United States Congress passes the Espionage Act.

Continue reading the article.

1986: Petty makes 1,000th start

Richard Petty and family celebrating his 1,000 NASCAR start in 1986Richard Petty made his 1,000th NASCAR start at the Miller American 400 in Brooklyn, Michigan. Petty's records of success and longevity are likely never to be broken. "The King," as he is called, is first all-time in wins (200), races started (1,184), top-five finishes (555), top-10 finishes (712), pole positions (126), laps completed (307,836), laps led (52,194), races led (599), and consecutive races won (10).

Read the complete article.

Posted by d-nadler at 05:16 PM | Comments (0)

June 14, 2007

Today in History: June 14th

The following information can be found at: TheHistoryNet: Today in History.

1381 The Peasant's Revolt, led by Wat Tyler, climaxes when rebels plunder and burn the Tower of London and kill the Archbishop of Canterbury.
1642 Massachusetts passes the first compulsory education law in the colonies.
1775 The U.S. Army is founded when the Continental Congress authorizes the muster of troops.
1777 The Continental Congress authorizes the "stars and stripes" flag for the new United States.
1922 President Warren G. Harding becomes the first president to speak on the radio.

1951 UNIVAC, the first computer built for commercial purposes, is demonstrated in Philadelphia by Dr. John W. Mauchly and J. Prosper Eckert, Jr.
1954 Americans take part in the first nation-wide civil defense test against atomic attack.
1965 A military triumvirate takes control in Saigon, South Vietnam.
1982 Argentina surrenders to the United Kingdom ending the Falkland Islands War.
1985 Gunmen hijack a passenger jet over the Middle East.
1989 Congressman William Gray, an African American, is elected Democratic Whip of the House of Representatives.
1995 Chechen rebels take 2,000 people hostage in a hospital in Russia.

Posted by d-nadler at 05:10 PM | Comments (0)

June 13, 2007

Today in History: June 13th

The following information can be found at: TheHistoryNet: Today in History.

1777 The Marquis de Lafayette arrives in the American colonies to help in their rebellion against Britain.
1863 Confederate forces on their way to Gettysburg clash with Union troops at the Second Battle of Winchester, Virginia.
1877 U.S. seizure of the Black Hills in South Dakota.
1920 The U.S. Post Office Department rules that children may not be sent by parcel post.
1923 The French set a trade barrier between occupied Ruhr and the rest of Germany.
1927 Charles Lindbergh receives the Flying Cross and is treated to a ticker tape parade to celebrate his successful crossing of the Atlantic.
1940 Paris is evacuated as the Germans advance on the city.
1943 German spies land on Long Island, New York, and are soon captured.
1944 The first Germany V-1 buzz-bomb hits London.
1949 Installed by the French, Bao Dai enters Saigon to rule Vietnam.
1971 The New York Times begins publishing the Pentagon Papers.
1978 Israelis withdraw the last of their invading forces from Lebanon.
1979 Sioux Indians are awarded $105 million in compensation for the
1983 Pioneer 10, already in space for 11 years, leaves the solar system.

Posted by d-nadler at 04:45 PM | Comments (0)

June 12, 2007

Today in History: June 12th

The following facts can be found at: European History

Today in European History:

1458: Magdalen College, Oxford, founded.

1667: The first successful blood transfusion: Jean-Baptiste Denys transfuses a fifteen year old boy with sheep's blood.

1673: The future King James I of England is forced to resign as Lord High Admiral because of his Catholic faith.

1747: Marcos Saenz becomes the first bullfighter to be killed in combat.

The following facts can be found at: American History

Today in American History:

1764 - The Massachusetts House of Representatives organized the Committees of Correspondence in response to the Sugar Act.

1775 - Massachusetts Governor General Gage declared martial law and all armed colonists traitors.

1839 - The first baseball game was played.

1931 - The Untouchables of the Chicago police force arrested Al Capone.

Search the GSU card catalog for books and video's on these topics.

Posted by d-nadler at 01:36 PM | Comments (0)

June 11, 2007

Today in History: June 11th

The source for the following facts is: This Day in History:

1944: D-Day landing forces converge

Five days after the D-Day landing, the five Allied landing groups, made up of some 330,000 troops, link up in Normandy to form a single solid front across northwestern France.
Finish reading the article.

1963: University of Alabama desegregated

Facing federalized Alabama National Guard troops, Alabama Governor George Wallace ends his blockade of the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa and allows two African American students to enroll.
Finish reading the article.

1967: Six-Day War ends

The Six-Day War between Israel and its Arab neighbors ends with a United Nations-brokered cease-fire. The outnumbered Israel Defense Forces achieved a swift and decisive victory in the brief war, rolling over the Arab coalition that threatened the Jewish state and more than doubling the amount of territory under Israel's control. The greatest fruit of victory lay in seizing the Old City of Jerusalem from Jordan; thousands of Jews wept while bent in prayer at the Second Temple's Western Wall.
Finish reading the article.

1979: John Wayne dies

On this day in 1979, John Wayne dies. The star of countless westerns, Wayne had been battling cancer for more than a decade.
Finish reading the article.

Posted by d-nadler at 04:15 PM | Comments (0)

Today in History: June 8th

The source for the following facts is: This Day in History:

1949: FBI report names Hollywood figures as communists

Hollywood figures, including film stars Frederic March, John Garfield, Paul Muni, and Edward G. Robinson, are named in a FBI report as Communist Party members. Such reports helped to fuel the anticommunist hysteria in the United States during the late-1940s and 1950s.
Finish reading the article.

1967: Israel attacks USS Liberty

During the Six-Day War, Israeli aircraft and torpedo boats attack the USS Liberty in international waters off Egypt's Gaza Strip. The intelligence ship, well-marked as an American vessel and only lightly armed, was attacked first by Israeli aircraft that fired napalm and rockets at the ship. The Liberty attempted to radio for assistance, but the Israeli aircraft blocked the transmissions. Eventually, the ship was able to make contact with the U.S. carrier Saratoga, and 12 fighter jets and four tanker planes were dispatched to defend the Liberty. When word of their deployment reached Washington, however, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara ordered them recalled to the carrier, and they never reached the Liberty. The reason for the recall remains unclear.
Finish reading the article.

1968: Robert Kennedy buried

Three days after falling prey to an assassin in California, Senator Robert F. Kennedy is laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia, just 30 yards from the grave of his assassinated older brother, President John F. Kennedy.
Finish reading the article.

1990: As Nasty As They Wanna Be causes store owner's arrest

Charles Freeman, the owner of E-C Records store in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, is charged with illegally selling the rap album As Nasty As They Wanna Be to an undercover officer. Immediately after the sale, six deputies rushed in to the store, handcuffed Freeman, and charged him with distributing obscene material. Freeman's arrest came two days after U.S. District Judge Jose Gonzalez ruled that 2 Live Crew's recording was legally obscene.
Finish reading the article.

Posted by d-nadler at 02:48 PM | Comments (0)

Today in History: June 7th

The source for the following facts is: This Day in History:

1893: Gandhi's first act of civil disobedience

In an event that would have dramatic repercussions for the people of India, Mohandas K. Gandhi, a young Indian lawyer working in South Africa, refuses to comply with racial segregation rules on a South African train and is forcibly ejected at Pietermaritzburg.
Finish reading the article.

Read about Gandhi:
Title: Extraordinary minds : portraits of exceptional individuals and an examination of our extraordinariness / Howard Gardner.
Call Number: BF412 .G271997

Title: Gandhi and his critics / B.R. Nanda.
Call Number: DS481.G3 N33931985

Title: Gandhi, soldier of nonviolence : an introduction / Calvin Kytle.
Call Number: DS481.G3 K91982

1917: Battle of Messines Ridge

On June 7, 1917, the British 2nd Army, led by Herbert Plumer, scores a crushing victory over the Germans at Messines Ridge in northern France, marking the successful prelude to an Allied offensive designed to break the grinding stalemate on the Western Front in World War I.
Finish reading the article.

1971: Vulgar writing is protected under the First Amendment

The Supreme Court overturns the conviction of Paul Cohen for disturbing the peace. Cohen, who carried a jacket that read "F[***] the Draft" as he entered into a courtroom on April 26, 1968, had been charged with violating a California law that made it illegal to "use any vulgar, profane, or indecent language within the presence or hearing of women or children, in a loud and boisterous manner."
Finish reading the article.

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June 06, 2007

Today in History: June 6th

From This Day in History:

1944: Allies invade France

On this day in 1944, Supreme Allied Commander General Dwight D. Eisenhower gives the go-ahead for the largest amphibious military operation in history: Operation Overlord, code named D-Day, the Allied invasion of northern France.
By daybreak, 18,000 British and American parachutists were already on the ground. At 6:30 a.m., American troops came ashore at Utah and Omaha beaches. At Omaha, the U.S. First Division battled high seas, mist, mines, burning vehicles—and German coastal batteries, including an elite infantry division, which spewed heavy fire. Many wounded Americans ultimately drowned in the high tide. British divisions, which landed at Gold, Juno, and Sword beaches, and Canadian troops also met with heavy German fire, but by the end of the day they were able to push inland.
Finish reading the article.

Books and videos found in the GSU Library on D-Day:
Title: The greatest thing we have ever attempted : historical perspectives on the Normandy campaign / contributors, Stephen E. Ambrose ... [et al.] ; edited by Steven Weingartner.
Call Number: D756.5.N6 G741998

Title: British W.W. II documentaries [videorecording]
Call Number: DA587 .B74xVIDEORECORD535

Websites with information about D-Day:
American Experience: D-Day

National D-Day Memorial Foundation

Untold Stories of D-Day@National Geographic Magazine

D Day: Table of Contents

D-Day: Operation Overlord - Features on

Military History Online - D-Day June 6, 1944

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June 05, 2007

Today in History: June 5th

The following facts are from: This Day in History:

1944: Allies prepare for D-Day

On this day in 1944, more than 1,000 British bombers drop 5,000 tons of bombs on German gun batteries placed at the Normandy assault area, while 3,000 Allied ships cross the English Channel in preparation for the invasion of Normandy-D-Day.
Finish reading the article.
Books and videos found in the GSU Library on D-Day:
Title: The greatest thing we have ever attempted : historical perspectives on the Normandy campaign / contributors, Stephen E. Ambrose ... [et al.] ; edited by Steven Weingartner.
Call Number: D756.5.N6 G741998

Title: British W.W. II documentaries [videorecording]
Call Number: DA587 .B74xVIDEORECORD535

1956: Elvis creates uproar

On this day in 1956, Elvis introduces his new single, "Hound Dog," on The Milton Berle Show. Elvis scandalized the audience with his suggestive hip gyrations. In the media frenzy that followed, other show hosts, including Ed Sullivan, denounced his performance. Sullivan swore he would never invite Presley on his own show, but that autumn he booked Elvis for three shows.
Finish reading the article.

Books in the GSU Library about Elvis Presley:
Title: Elvis / by Albert Goldman.
Call Number: ML420.P96 G66

1968: Bobby Kennedy is assassinated

Senator Robert Kennedy is shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles after winning the California presidential primary. Immediately after he announced to his cheering supporters that the country was ready to end its fractious divisions, Kennedy was shot several times by the 22-year-old Palestinian Sirhan Sirhan. He died a day later.
Finish reading the article.

Books and videos about Robert Kennedy located in the GSU Library:
Title: Robert Kennedy : the final years / Brian Dooley.
Call Number: E840.8.K4 D661996

Title: The Kennedys / [videorecording] / a co-production of WBGH/Boston and Thames Television, London.
Call Number: FLM-VDO. E843 .K43x1992VIDEORECORD2274

Search the GSU Library Catalog for more books and videos.

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June 04, 2007

Today in History: June 4th

The following facts can be found at: This Day in History:

1754: Lieutenant Colonel George Washington builds Fort Necessity
On this day in 1754, during the Seven Years’ War, a 22-year-old lieutenant colonel in the Virginia militia named George Washington begins construction of a makeshift “Fort Necessity.” The fort was built to defend his forces from French soldiers enraged by the murder of Ensign Joseph Coulon de Jumonville while in Washington’s custody. One month later, the French, led by Jumonville’s half-brother, won Washington’s surrender and forced confession to Jumonville’s murder.
Finish reading the article.

1919: Congress passes the 19th Amendment
The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing women the right to vote, is passed by Congress and sent to the states for ratification.
Finish reading the article.

1942: The Battle of Midway begins
On this day in 1942, Japanese Admiral Chuichi Nagumo, commander of the fleet that attacked Pearl Harbor, launches a raid on Midway Island with almost the entirety of the Japanese navy.
Finish reading the article.

1989: Tiananmen Square massacre takes place
Chinese troops storm through Tiananmen Square in the center of Beijing, killing and arresting thousands of pro-democracy protesters. The brutal Chinese government assault on the protesters shocked the West and brought denunciations and sanctions from the United States.
Finish reading the article.

Search the Library Catalog for books and videos on the above topics in history.

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Today in History: June 2nd

The following facts can be found at: This Day in History:

1865: American Civil War ends
In an event that is generally regarded as marking the end of the Civil War, Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of Confederate forces west of the Mississippi, signs the surrender terms offered by Union negotiators. With Smith's surrender, the last Confederate army ceased to exist, bringing a formal end to the bloodiest four years in U.S. history.
Finish reading the article.

1886: Grover Cleveland gets married in the White House
President Grover Cleveland becomes the first sitting president to marry in the White House on this day in 1886.
Finish reading the article.

1997: McVeigh convicted for Oklahoma City bombing
Timothy McVeigh, a former U.S. Army soldier, is convicted on 15 counts of murder and conspiracy for his role in the 1995 terrorist bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City.
Finish reading the article.

Search the card catalog for books and videos on the above topics.

Posted by d-nadler at 04:40 PM | Comments (0)

Today in History: June 1st

The following facts can be found at: This Day in History:

1779: Benedict Arnold is court-martialed
The court-martial of Benedict Arnold convenes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. After a relatively clean record in the early days of the American Revolution, Arnold was charged with 13 counts of misbehavior, including misusing government wagons and illegally buying and selling goods. Although his notorious betrayal was still many months away, Arnold's resentment over this order and the perceived mistreatment by the American Army would fuel his traitorous decision. Finish reading the article.

1812: Madison declares war
By the summer of 1812 President James Madison had grown tired of watching America's merchant ships and sailors take a beating at the hands of the British. The nation's maritime interests had been caught in the crossfire of the Napoleonic Wars since the early 1800s. Though France had long since begged off from interfering with U.S. economic activities, England persisted in its practice of halting U.S. ships and seizing men who were suspected of having deserted the Royal Navy. Reluctant to build up America's military forces, Madison attempted to rebuff the British through fiscally minded measures. However, neither the Embargo Act (1807) nor successive versions of non-intercourse legislation (1809, 1810) did much to dissuade the British from their habit of harassing American ports and ships. And so on this day in 1812, Madison gave the call to Congress to declare war on Great Britain. Just three days later the hawkish House voted 79 to 49 to engage England in armed conflict; by the end of the month the United States was embroiled in the War of 1812.

1900: Future President Hoover caught in Boxer Rebellion
On this day in 1900, future President Herbert Hoover and his wife Lou are caught in the middle of the Boxer Rebellion in China.
Finish reading this aricle.

1942: News of death camp killings becomes public for first time
On this day in 1942, a Warsaw underground newspaper, the Liberty Brigade, makes public the news of the gassing of tens of thousands of Jews at Chelmno, a death camp in Poland-almost seven months after extermination of prisoners began.
Finish reading the article.

Posted by d-nadler at 02:32 PM | Comments (0)

May 31, 2007

Today in History: May 31st

From This Day in History:

1775: Mecklenburg Resolutions reject the power of the British in North Carolina
On this day in 1775, the committeemen of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, meet and respond to news of the Battles of Lexington and Concord, the first battles of the American Revolution, with a series of 20 patriotic resolutions. Finish reading the article.

May 31,1859: Big Ben goes into operation in London
The famous tower clock known as Big Ben, located at the top of the 320-foot-high St. Stephen's Tower, rings out over the Houses of Parliament in Westminster, London, for the first time on th ...
View video clip.

1962: Architect of the Holocaust hanged in Israel
Near Tel Aviv, Israel, Adolf Eichmann, the Nazi SS officer who organized Adolf Hitler's "final solution of the Jewish question," was executed for his crimes against humanity. Finish reading the article.

Search the Library catalog for books on the above topics.

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Today in History: May 30th

From the World Almanac:

1431: French heroine and leader Joan of Arc is burned at the stake by the English after having been convicted of heresy.
1498: Christopher Columbus sets sail on his third voyage, visiting Trinidad and the coast of Venezuela.
1854: The Kansas-Nebraska Act becomes law, leaving the issue of slavery to the vote of settlers.
1868: Memorial Day is observed for the first time, on the order of Gen. John Alexander Logan, for the purpose of decorating the graves of the American Civil War dead.
1909: The National Conference on the Negro opens, leading to the founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
1922: The Lincoln Memorial is dedicated in Washington, DC.
1943: In World War II, the U.S. infantry retakes the Aleutian Islands from the Japanese after 3 weeks of fighting.
1966: The U.S. launches the lunar probe Surveyor 1, which makes a soft landing on the moon and sends back thousands of photographs.
2002: During an emotional ceremony, one final girder is removed from the World Trade Center clean-up site in New York City.

Posted by d-nadler at 10:16 AM | Comments (0)

Today in History: May 29th

From the World Almanac:

1453: In a battle that marks the end of the Byzantine Empire, Constantinople falls to the Turks, who rename it Istanbul.
1660: Charles II is restored to the English throne, marking the restoration of the monarchy after 11 years as a commonwealth under Oliver Cromwell.
1790: Rhode Island becomes the 13th state to ratify the Constitution.
1848: Wisconsin is admitted to the Union as the 30th state.
1932: World War I veterans launch the Bonus March on Washington, DC, to demand that Congress pay their bonuses in full.
1953: Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay become the first mountain climbers to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
1985: British soccer fans go on a rampage at the European Cup Final in Brussels, Belgium , killing some 40 people and injuring 400.
1919: Arthur Eddington confirms Albert Einstein’s light-bending prediction and consequently his theory of relativity.

Posted by d-nadler at 10:13 AM | Comments (0)

May 25, 2007

Today in History: May 25th

Trivia from: 94.7 Chicago's True Oldies Channel

- The Constitutional convention opened in Philadelphia with George Washington presiding.

Books in the GSU Library:
Title: Decision in Philadelphia : the Constitutional Convention of 1787 / Christopher Collier and James Lincoln Collier.
Call Number: KF4520 .C651986

Search the Library Catalog for more books.

1925 - John Scopes was indicted for teaching the Darwinian theory in school.

Read about John Scopes:
Title: Monkey trial; the State of Tennessee vs. John Thomas Scopes
Call Number: QH369 .G7

1935 - Babe Ruth hit his final three home runs, his 712th, 713th and 714th, and set a record that would stand for 39 years.

1935 - Jesse Owens tied the world record for the 100-yard dash. He ran it in 9.4 seconds. He also broke three other world track records.

Read a book about Jesse Owens:
Title: A picture book of Jesse Owens / David Adler ; illustrated by Robert Casilla.
Call Number: MAT-CTR. GV697.O9 A65 1992

1952 - Operation Desert Rock IV, he US Army's second atomic blast experiment to determine the effects of radion on human subjects took place. More than 1000 enlisted soldiers, who witnessed the explosion just outside the blast range, were exposed to radiation.

1983 - The Return of the Jedi opened nationwide. It set a new record in opening day box office sales. The gross was $6,219,629.

Watch the Star Wars Trilogy:
Title: Star wars trilogy [videorecording] / Lucasfilm Ltd.
Call Number: VIDEO. PN1997 .S7272004

Posted by d-nadler at 11:23 AM | Comments (0)

Today in History: May 24th

Trivia from: 94.7 Chicago's True Oldies Channel

1844 - Samuel F.B. Morse transmitted the message, "What hath God wrought!" from Washington to Baltimore as he formally opened America's first telegraph line.

1883 - The Brooklyn Bridge, linking Brooklyn and Manhattan, was opened to traffic.

1935 - The Cincinnati Reds played the Philadelphia Phillies in the first major league baseball game at night. The switch for the floodlights was thrown by President F.D. Roosevelt.

1976 - Britain and France opened transatlantic Concorde service to Washington.

Posted by d-nadler at 11:19 AM | Comments (0)

Today in History: May 23rd

Trivia from: 94.7 Chicago's True Oldies Channel

1430 - Joan Of Arc was captured by the Burgundians, who sold her to the English.

Books in the GSU Library collection about Joan of Arc:
Title: Jeanne d’Arc, by W. S. Scott.
Call Number: DC103 .S381974

Find more books at GSU.

1785 - Benjamin Franklin wrote in a letter that he had invented bifocals.

Books in the GSU Library about Benjamin Franklin:
Title: Doctor Franklin’s medicine / Stanley Finger.
Call Number: R151 .F562006

Find more books at GSU.

1900 - Civil War hero Sgt. William H. Carney became the first African American to receive the Medal of Honor, 37 years after the Battle of Fort Wagner.

Books in the GSU Library about Fort Wagner:
Title: The storming of Fort Wagner; black valor in the Civil War.
Call Number: MAT-CTR. E513.554TH .W4

Find more books at GSU.

1934 - Bank robbers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were shot to death in a police ambush in Bienville Parish, Louisiana.

Video in the GSU Library collection:
Title: Bonnie and Clyde [videorecording] / Warner Bros.-Seven Arts, Inc. and Tatira-Hiller Productions ; directed by Arthur Penn ; produced by Warren Beatty.

Find more books and videos at GSU.

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May 22, 2007

Today in History: May 22nd

From Those Were the Days: Today in History:

1761 - The first life insurance policy issued in the United States was issued on this day. Can you think which company it was? Nope. Don’t even try. You’ll never guess. It was the Corporation for the Relief of Poor and Distressed Presbyterian Ministers and of the Poor and Distressed Widows and Children of Presbyterian Ministers. WOW-Zers! Can you image what size their letterhead must have been? It was the CftRoPaDPMaoftPaDWaCoPM ... for short. We wonder how long the policy must have been...

1819 - The steamship Savannah was the first to cross the Atlantic. It sailed from Savannah, Georgia to Liverpool, England. This day is now celebrated in the United States as National Maritime Day.

1868 - The masked Reno Gang pulled off the great train robbery at Marshfield, IN. They hauled in $98,000 in loot.

1967 - What was to become the Public Broadcasting System’s longest-running children’s program, Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood, debuted on this day.

1986 - Sylvester Stallone agreed to a 10-picture, six-year deal with United Artists. He signed for a reported $15 million for each film . The deal made him the richest actor in Hollywood.

Click here to go to the Archives if you wish to check previous dates.

Posted by d-nadler at 03:28 PM | Comments (0)

May 21, 2007

Today in History: May 21st

From This Day in History -

1881: American Red Cross Founded
View video clip.

Read about the founders of the American Red Cross:
Title: Clara Barton : professional angel / Elizabeth Brown Pryor.
Call Number:HV569.B3 P781987

1927: Lindbergh lands in Paris
American pilot Charles A. Lindbergh lands at Le Bourget Field in Paris, successfully completing the first solo, nonstop transatlantic flight and the first ever nonstop flight between New York to Paris. His single-engine monoplane, The Spirit of St. Louis, had lifted off from Roosevelt Field in New York 33 1/2 hours before.

Finish reading the article.

Read a biography about Charles Lindbergh.
Title: Lindbergh alone / by Brendan Gill.
Call Number: TL540.L5 G54

1932: Earhart completes transatlantic flight
Five years to the day that American aviator Charles Lindbergh became the first pilot to accomplish a solo, nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean, female aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the first pilot to repeat the feat, landing her plane in Ireland after flying across the North Atlantic. Earhart traveled over 2,000 miles from Newfoundland in just under 15 hours.

Finish reading the article.

Read a biography about Amelia Earhart:
Title: Amelia : the centennial biography of an aviation pioneer / Donald M. Goldstein and Katherine V. Dillon.
Call Number: TL540.E3 G631997

1940: Nazis kill "unfit" people in East Prussia
On this day in 1940, a "special unit" carries out its mission-and murders more than 1,500 hospital patients in East Prussia.

Read the complete article.

Read about the Nazis:
Title: The Hitler file : a social history of Germany and the Nazis, 1918-1945 / Frederic Grunfeld.
Call Number: DD256.5 .G791974

1969: Military spokesman defends "Hamburger Hill"
A U.S. military command spokesman in Saigon defends the battle for Ap Bia Mountain as having been necessary to stop enemy infiltration and protect the city of Hue. The spokesman stated that the battle was an integral part of the policy of "maximum pressure" that U.S. forces had been pursuing for the prior six months, and confirmed that no orders had been received from President Nixon to modify that basic strategy. On May 20, the battle, described in the American media as the battle for "Hamburger Hill," had come under attack in Congress from Senator Kennedy (D-Massachusetts), who described the action as "senseless and irresponsible."

Finish reading the article.

Read about the Vietnam War:
Title: The Vietnam war : an eyewitness history / Sanford Wexler
Call Number: DS557.7 .W481992

Search the Library Catalog for more books available in the GSU Library.

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May 18, 2007

Today in History: May 18th

From: The New York Times on the Web - Learning Center:

1804 The French Senate proclaimed Napoleon Bonaparte emperor.

Read about Napoleon:
Title: A life of Napoleon / by Stendhal [i.e. M. H. Beyle].
Call Number: DC203 .B57131977

Find more in the GSU Library.

1896 The Supreme Court endorsed the concept of "separate but equal" racial segregation in Plessy v. Ferguson, a precedent that was overturned in Brown v. Board of Education in 1954.

1969 Apollo 10 was launched on a mission that served as a dress rehearsal for the first moon landing.

1980 the Mount St. Helens volcano in Washington state exploded, leaving 57 people dead or missing. (Go to article.)

Read about Mount St. Helens:
Title: Warning and response to the Mount St. Helens eruption / Thomas F. Saarinen & James L. Sell.
Call Number: QE527.5 .S231985

Find more in the GSU Library.

To read about more events happening on May 18th, click here.

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Today in History: May 17th

From: The New York Times on the Web - Learning Center:

1792 The New York Stock Exchange was founded by brokers meeting under a tree on what is now Wall Street.

1940 The Nazis occupied Brussels, Belgium, during World War II.

1946 President Harry S. Truman seized control of the nation's railroads, delaying a threatened strike by engineers and trainmen.

1954 the Supreme Court issued its landmark Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka ruling, which declared that racially segregated public schools were inherently unequal. (Go to article.)

1987 An Iraqi warplane attacked the U.S. Navy frigate Stark in the Persian Gulf, killing 37 American sailors. Iraq and the United States called the attack a mistake.

1996 President Bill Clinton signed a measure requiring neighborhood notification when sex offenders move in. Megan's Law was named for 7-year-old Megan Kanka, who was raped and killed in 1994.

2000 Two former Ku Klux Klansmen were arrested on murder charges in the 1963 church bombing in Birmingham, Ala., that killed four black girls. (Thomas E. Blanton Jr. and Bobby Frank Cherry were later convicted and sentenced to life in prison. Cherry died in 2004.)

To read about more events happening on May 17th, click here.

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Today in History: May 16th

From: The New York Times on the Web - Learning Center:

1770 Marie Antoinette, age 14, married the future King Louis XVI of France, who was 15.

1868 - the United States Senate failed by one vote to convict President Andrew Johnson as it took its first ballot on one of 11 articles of impeachment against him. (Johnson was acquitted of all charges.) (Go to article.)

1929 The first Academy Awards were presented during a banquet at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel.

1995 Japanese police arrested doomsday cult leader Shoko Asahara, holding him in connection with the nerve-gas attack on Tokyo's subways two months earlier.

2006 Richard Hatch, who had won $1 million in the debut season of "Survivor," was sentenced in Providence, R.I., to more than four years in prison for failing to pay taxes on his reality TV prize and other income.

For more information on events happening on May 16th, click here.

Posted by d-nadler at 01:16 PM | Comments (0)

Today in History: May 15th

From: The New York Times on the Web - Learning Center:

1911 The Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of Standard Oil Co., ruling it violated the Sherman Antitrust Act.

1940 Nylon stockings went on general sale for the first time in the United States.

1948 Hours after declaring its independence, the new state of Israel was attacked by Transjordan, Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon.

1970 Two black students at Jackson State University in Mississippi were killed when police opened fire during student protests.

1972 George C. Wallace was shot and left paralyzed by a deranged 21-year-old man while campaigning for the Democratic presidential nomination in Laurel, Md.

2006 A defiant Saddam Hussein refused to enter a plea at his trial, insisting he was still Iraq's president as a judge formally charged him with crimes against humanity.

To see more information on events taking place on May 15, click here.

Posted by d-nadler at 01:08 PM | Comments (0)

May 14, 2007

Today in History: May 14th

From Those Were the Days - Today in History:

1607 - Three very small ships, Susan Constant, Godspeed and Discovery, sailed across the ocean blue from Plymouth, England to a place the ship’s crew and passengers called Jamestown on this day in 1607.

This hearty group of Virginia Company settlers was chartered by England’s King James I, therefore, the name, Jamestown, Virginia. The group was led by Captain John Smith of Pocahontas fame and Christopher Newport.

Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in what is now the United States. It became the capital of Virginia and remained so through 1699.

1874 - McGill University (of Canada) and Harvard University met on Jarvis Field, Cambridge, MA for the the first game of intercollegiate football in America.

1904 - The Olympic Games opened in St. Louis, MO. It marked the first time that the games were held in the United States.

1971 - The Honey Cone received a gold record for the single, Want Ads. The female soul trio was formed in Los Angeles in 1969 and scored two million-sellers, Want Ads and Stick Up. The trio had a total of four songs on the charts that were moderate hits. Only Want Ads, however, made it to the number one position.

Posted by d-nadler at 05:24 PM | Comments (0)

Today in History: May 11th

From Those Were the Days - Today in History:

1858 - Minnesota entered the United States of America this day as the Union’s 32nd state. Although its state bird is the common loon, there’s nothing common about Minnesota, whose Dakota-Sioux Indian name means sky-tinted water. The North Star State’s capital is St. Paul, which has a twin city, Minneapolis. The state flower is the lovely lady’s slipper.

1946 - B.F. Goodrich announced the development of the tubeless tire. If you guessed that Mr. Goodrich was from Akron, OH, you win the T-shirt.

1972 - The San Francisco Giants announced that they were trading Willie Mays to the New York Mets.

1985 - Scott Brayton turned in the fastest lap ever at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. Brayton was traveling at 214.199 MPH in the third lap of qualifying. He had already set records in the first two trips around the track. Brayton’s average speed of 212.354 broke the record previously set by Tom Sneva in the 1984 time trials.

Posted by d-nadler at 05:19 PM | Comments (0)

May 10, 2007

Today in History: May 10th

From This Day in History:

1869 : First transcontinental railroad is completed
At Promontory, Utah, California Governor Leland Stanford pounds in a ceremonial golden spike that completes the nation's first transcontinental railway. After failing to hit the spike on his first attempt, Stanford raised the heavy sledgehammer again and struck a solid square blow. For the first time in American history, railways linked together east and west, the realization of a dream that began two decades earlier.
Finish reading the article.
Watch video clip.

Read books about the Transcontinental Railroad:
Author: Williams, John Hoyt.
Title: A great and shining road : the epic story of the transcontinental railroad / by John Hoyt Williams.
Call Number: HE27631988

Author: Blumberg, Rhoda.
Title: Full steam ahead : the race to build a transcontinental railroad / by Rhoda Blumberg.
Call Number: MAT-CTR. HE2791.U55 B581996

Find more books in the GSU Library.

1940 : Churchill becomes prime minister
Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, is called to replace Neville Chamberlain as British prime minister following the latter's resignation after losing a confidence vote in the House of Commons.
Finish reading the article.

Read books about Winston Churchill:
Author: Best, Geoffrey Francis Andrew.
Title: Churchill : a study in greatness / Geoffrey Best.
Call Number: DA566.9.C5 B482001

Author: Berthon, Simon.
Title: Allies at war : the bitter rivalry among Churchill, Roosevelt, and de Gaulle / Simon Berthon
Call Number: D748 .B472001b

1990 : China releases Tiananmen Square prisoners
The government of the People's Republic of China announces that it is releasing 211 people arrested during the massive protests held in Tiananmen Square in Beijing in June 1989. Most observers viewed the prisoner release as an attempt by the communist government of China to dispel much of the terrible publicity it received for its brutal suppression of the 1989 protests.
Finish reading the article.

Read about Tiananmen Square:
Author: Calhoun, Craig J., 1952-
Title: Neither gods nor emperors : students and the struggle for democracy in China
Call Number: DS779.32 .C351994

Author: Mu, I.
Title: Crisis at Tiananmen : reform and reality in modern China
Call Number: DS779.32.M84 X1989

Find more books at GSU.

1994 : Nelson Mandela inaugurated
In South Africa, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela is sworn in as the first black president of South Africa. In his inaugural address, Mandela, who spent 27 years of his life as a political prisoner of the South African government, declared that "the time for the healing of the wounds has come." Two weeks earlier, more than 22 million South Africans had turned out to cast ballots in the country's first-ever multiracial parliamentary elections. An overwhelming majority chose Mandela and his African National Congress (ANC) party to lead the country.
Finish reading the article.

Read books about Nelson Mandela:
Author: Sampson, Anthony.
Title: Mandela : the authorized biography
Call Number: DT1974 .S26 1999

Author: Meer, Fatima.
Title: Higher than hope : the authorized biography of Nelson Mandela
Call Number: DT1949.M35 M441990

Find more books at GSU.

Posted by d-nadler at 02:02 PM | Comments (0)

May 09, 2007

Today in History: May 9th

From This Day in History:

1914 : Woodrow Wilson proclaims the first Mother’s Day holiday
On this day in 1914, President Woodrow Wilson issues a presidential proclamation that officially establishes the first national Mother’s Day holiday to celebrate America’s mothers.
Finish reading about the history of Mother's Day.

1960 : FDA approves the pill
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approves the world's first commercially produced birth-control bill--Enovid-10, made by the G.D. Searle Company of Chicago, Illinois.
Finish reading the article.

1971 : Last Honeymooners episode
On this day in 1971, the last episode of The Honeymooners airs.
Finish reading the article.

2001 : Soccer fans trampled in Ghana
On this day in 2001, during a soccer match at Accra Stadium in Ghana, an encounter between police and rowdy fans results in a stampede that kills 126 people. This tragedy was the worst-ever sports-related disaster in Africa’s history to that time.
Finish reading the article.

Posted by d-nadler at 01:55 PM | Comments (0)

May 08, 2007

Today in History: May 8th

From This day in History:

1884 : Harry S. Truman is born

On this day in 1884, Harry S. Truman is born in Lamar, Missouri. The son of a farmer, Truman could not afford to go to college. He joined the army at the relatively advanced age of 33 in 1916 to fight in World War I. After the war, he opened a haberdashery in Kansas City. When that business went bankrupt in 1922, he entered Missouri politics. Truman went on to serve in the U.S. Senate from 1934 until he was chosen as Franklin D. Roosevelt’s fourth vice president in 1945; it was during his Senate terms that he developed a reputation for honesty and integrity. Finish reading the article.

Read about Harry S. Truman:
Truman and Korea : the political culture of the early cold war / Paul G. Pierpaoli, Jr.
DS919 .P541999

The decision to drop the atomic bomb / Dennis D. Wainstock
D769.1 .W351996

Check the GSU Library Catalog for more books.

1945 : Victory in Europe

On this day in 1945, both Great Britain and the United States celebrate Victory in Europe Day. Cities in both nations, as well as formerly occupied cities in Western Europe, put out flags and banners, rejoicing in the defeat of the Nazi war machine.

Click here to finish reading the article.
Watch a video clip on V-E Day.

Posted by d-nadler at 02:19 PM | Comments (0)

May 07, 2007

Today in History: May 7th

The information was found at:
Those Were the Days - Today in History and This Day in History:

1789 - The first Presidential Inaugural Ball was held in New York City. Each lady in attendance received as a gift a portrait of George Washington. Actually, the ball was the first such event held for the incoming President of the United States.
1915 : German submarine sinks Lusitania The earlier German attacks on merchant ships off the south coast of Ireland prompted the British Admiralty to warn the Lusitania to avoid the area or take simple evasive action, such as zigzagging to confuse U-boats plotting the vessel's course. The captain of the Lusitania ignored these recommendations, and at 2:12 p.m. on May 7, in the waters of the Celtic Sea, the 32,000-ton ship was hit by an exploding torpedo on its starboard side. The torpedo blast was followed by a larger explosion, probably of the ship's boilers. The Lusitania sank within 20 minutes.
Continue reading about the sinking of the Lusitania...

View a video clip.

Read about World War I:
The First World War / Gerard J. De Groot.
D521 .D352000

The First World War / Hew Strachan.
D521 .S862001

Search the Library Catalog for more books.

1959 - It was one of the most touching and memorable nights in all of baseball on this night. 93,103 fans packed the LA Coliseum for an exhibition game between the Los Angeles Dodgers and the New York Yankees. Sandy Koufax pitched for the Dodgers and lost to the Yankees, 6-2. It was Roy Campanella Night. The star catcher for the Dodgers, paralyzed in an automobile accident, was honored for his contributions to the team for many years. ‘Campie’ continued to serve in various capacities with the Dodger organization for many years.

Read about Roy Campanella:
Roy Campanella, man of courage.
MAT-CTR. GV865.C3 S37

Posted by d-nadler at 02:25 PM | Comments (0)

May 04, 2007

Today in History: May 4th

From This Day in History:

1886 : The Haymarket Square Riot
At Haymarket Square in Chicago, Illinois, a bomb is thrown at a squad of policemen attempting to break up a labor rally. The police responded with wild gunfire, killing several people in the crowd and injuring dozens more. Read more...

Books at GSU:
Beyond the martyrs : a social history of Chicago’s anarchists, 1870-1900 / Bruce C. Nelson
HX846.C4 N451988

The Haymarket tragedy / Paul Avrich.
HX846.C4 A971984

The Accused and the accusers; the famous speeches of the eight Chicago anarchists in court. With an introd. by Leon Stein and Philip Taft.
HX486.C4 A361970

1970: National Guard Kill 4 at Kent State
In Kent, Ohio, 28 National Guardsmen fire their weapons...

Books at GSU:
May 1970 : the campus aftermath of Cambodia and Kent State / by Richard E. Peterson and John A. Bilorusky.
LA186 .P4X

The report of the President’s Commission on Campus Unrest.
DOCS. PR37.8:C15/R29

1990 : An inhumane execution
Jesse Tafero is executed in Florida after his electric chair malfunctions three times, causing flames to leap from his head. Tafero's death sparked a new debate on humane methods of execution. Several states ceased use of the electric chair and adopted lethal injection as their means of capital punishment. Read more...

Books at GSU:
The death penalty : beyond the smoke and mirrors / Alfred B. Heilbrun
HV8699.U5 H452006

Death watch : a death penalty anthology / Lane Nelson, Burk Foster
HV8699.U5 N45 2001

Dead man walking : an eyewitness account of the death penalty in the United States / Helen Prejean
HV8699.U5 P741993

Posted by d-nadler at 11:23 AM | Comments (0)

Today in History: May 3

From This Day in History:

1863 : Confederates take Hazel Grove at Chancellorsville
On this day, General Joseph Hooker and the Army of the Potomac abandon a key hill on the Chancellorsville battlefield. The Union army was reeling after Stonewall Jackson's troops swung around the Union right flank and stormed out of the woods on the evening of May 2, causing the Federals to retreat some two miles before stopping the Confederate advance. Read more...

1937 : Gone With the Wind wins Pulitzer Prize
On this day in 1937, Margaret Mitchell's novel, Gone With the Wind, wins the Pulitzer Prize. The book, published in June 1936, became one of the best-selling novels of all time. The motion picture, made in 1939, became one of the most profitable films in history. Read more...

1952 : Fletcher lands on the North Pole
A ski-modified U.S. Air Force C-47 piloted by Lieutenant Colonel Joseph O. Fletcher of Oklahoma and Lieutenant Colonel William P. Benedict of California becomes the first aircraft to land on the North Pole. A moment later, Fletcher climbed out of the plane and walked to the exact geographic North Pole, probably the first person in history to do so. Read more...

Posted by d-nadler at 11:12 AM | Comments (0)

Today in History: May 2

From Those Were the Days - Today in History:

1885 - A new magazine for homemakers went on sale this day. You can still get it by mail or find it right next to the cash register at your favorite grocery store. The magazine is "Good Housekeeping". It has our seal of approval.
1939 - Lou Gehrig established a new major-league baseball record as he played in his 2,130th game. ‘The Iron Horse’ had played in every Yankee game since June 1, 1925. (It would be 57 years until Cal Ripken, Jr. of the Baltimore Orioles would shatter that record in the summer of 1995.)
1974 - Filming got underway for the motion picture, "Jaws", in Martha’s Vineyard, MA. What was to be a 58-day shooting schedule for the film inspired by the Peter Benchley novel soon gave way to 120 days. Costs soared from what was to be a $3.5 million project to $8 million. The director, Steven Spielberg, was able to explain away the rise in costs and the picture did very well at the box office and, later, on video cassette.

Posted by d-nadler at 10:58 AM | Comments (0)

May 01, 2007

Today in History: May 1

From Those Were the Days - Today in History:

1885 - The first skyscraper in America was under construction. No, it wasn’t in New York. It was a 10-story building located on the corner of LaSalle and Adams in Chicago, IL.

Read about Chicago Architecture:

Chicago architecture and design / Jay Pridmore, George A. Larson ; with principal photography by Hedrich Blessing.
NA735.C4 L372005

Architecture in Chicago & mid-America; a photographic history.
NA735.C4 A65

Chicago’s famous buildings; a photographic guide to the city’s architectural landmarks and other notable buildings. Edited by Arthur Siegel. Descriptive text by J. Carson Webster. With contributions by Carl W. Condit, Hugh Dalziel Duncan [and] Wilbert R. Hasbrouck.
NA735.C4 S51969

1920 - The longest baseball game (by innings) was played. The Boston Braves and the Brooklyn Dodgers played an incredible 26 innings -- with the same pitchers! Leon Cadore of Brooklyn and Boston’s Joe Oeschger went the distance and saw the game end in a 1-1 tie. Rumors that the groundskeeper had to roll up the poor pitchers’ arms after play was stopped are probably not far off...
1960 - An American U-2 plane invaded Soviet airspace. The Soviets reacted by shooting down the plane piloted by the C.I.A.’s Francis Gary Powers. It took five days for the Soviets to announce the occurrance to the rest of the world. At first the U.S. referred to the U-2 as a weather reconnaissance plane, denying that Powers was a spy. Later, the U.S. State Department admitted that the mission was to photograph Soviet military installations, and that the mission was justified. Powers was tried as a spy by the Soviet Union. He was sentenced to solitary confinement for 10 years in "Matrosskaya Tishina". In 17 months, he was exchanged for Russian spy Rudolf Abel who had been exposed by the CIA.

Read about Francis Gary Powers:

The U-2 incident, May, 1960: an American spy plane downed over Russia intensifies the cold war, by Fred J. Cook.
MAT-CTR. DK266.3 .C66

Posted by d-nadler at 03:43 PM | Comments (0)

April 21, 2007

Today in History: April 21st

From: This Day in History -

1865 : Lincoln’s funeral train leaves D.C.
On this day in 1865, a train carrying the coffin of assassinated President Abraham Lincoln leaves Washington, D.C. on its way to Springfield, Illinois, where he would be buried on May 4. Finish reading the article.
1918 : “Red Baron” killed in action
In the well-trafficked skies above the Somme River in France, Baron Manfred von Richthofen, the notorious German flying ace known as the “Red Baron," is killed by Allied fire on April 21, 1918. Finish reading article.
1989 : Chinese students begin protests at Tiananmen Square
Read the complete article.

Read about:
Tiananmen Square / Scott Simmie and Bob Nixon
DS779.32 .S561989B

Neither gods nor emperors : students and the struggle for democracy in China / Craig Calhoun
DS779.32 .C351994

Find more books, Library Catalog.

Posted by d-nadler at 10:21 AM | Comments (1)

April 20, 2007

Today in History: April 20th

From This Day in History:

1999 : A massacre at Columbine High School

Two teenage gunmen kill 13 people in a shooting spree at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado. At about 11:20 a.m., Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris, dressed in long trench coats, began shooting students outside the school before moving inside to continue their rampage. By the time SWAT team officers finally entered the school at about 3:00 p.m., Klebold and Harris had killed 12 fellow students and a teacher, and had wounded another 23 people. Then, around noon, they turned their guns on themselves and committed suicide.
Finish reading the article.

View Video Clip from Newscast

Videos available in GSU Library:

Bullied to death [videorecording] / producer, Susan Dickey ; produced by CBS News Productions for A & E Networks ; Kurtis Productions.
VIDEO. BF637.B85 B82000

Bowling for Columbine [videorecording] / United Artists and Alliance Atlantis present a Salter Street Films and VIF 2 production, a Dog Eat Dog Films production ; producers, Michael Moore, Kathleen Glynn, Jim Czarnecki, Charles Bishop, Michale Donovan ; written and directed by Michael Moore.
VIDEO. PS3562.E353 T622005

1865 - Safety matches were first advertised this day.
1961 - The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) gave approval for FM stereo broadcasting. It would be another five or six years before FM stations went ‘underground’ or ‘progressive’ to attract listeners who were tired of the lack of audio quality on AM stations. FM stations to that time had broadcast in glorious monaural sound.

To find more information on any of these topics, search the Library Catalog.

Posted by d-nadler at 12:45 PM | Comments (0)

April 19, 2007

Today in History: April 19th

From Those Were the Day - Today in History:

1993 - The Branch-Davidian’s compound in Waco, Texas burned to the ground. It was the anticlimax of a 51-day standoff between the religious cult led by David Koresh and U.S. federal agents (Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms). 86 perished including 17 children. Koresh and his followers opted not to surrender themselves and the children to the agents; exchanging gun fire, instead. Nine members of the cult escaped.
Read more: 1993 : Branch Davidian compound burns - This Day in History

Learning lessons from Waco : when the parties bring their Gods to the negotiation table / Jayne Seminare Docherty.
BP605.B72 D632001

From the ashes : making sense of Waco / James R. Lewis, editor.
BP605.B72 F761994

1995 - The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, OK was destroyed by a bomb estimated at 5,000 pounds, hidden in a rent-a-truck. The blast was the worst bombing on U.S. soil. Timothy McVeigh was charged with terroristic murder. 168 people including 19 children died in the blast. 490 were injured. On June 2, 1997, McVeigh was found guilty on 11 different counts, including several first degree murder convictions for the deaths of federal officers. He was executed (lethal injection) on June 11, 2001 at the federal penitentiary in Terre Haute, Indiana. Terry L. Nichols, an Army buddy of McVeigh, was sentenced to life in prison.

View video clip: 1995 - Truck Bomb Explodes in Oklahoma City
Read about:
In bad company : America’s terrorist underground / Mark S. Hamm.
HV6432.5.A79 H362002

The unfinished bombing : Oklahoma City in American memory / Edward T. Linenthal
HV6432 .L542001

2000 - “The empty chairs are a simple yet powerful portrayal of someone’s absence. Like an empty chair at a dinner table, we are always aware of the presence of a loved one’s absence,” said architects Hans and Torrey Butzer and Sven Berg, explaining their inclusion of 168 bronze and stone chairs, each inscribed with a victim's name and mounted on a glass base, the focus at the opening of the Oklahoma City National Memorial. This memorial marks the place where 168 people died in 1995 in the worst terrorist attack in U.S. history. A new expanse of green lawn was once the site of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, and a 320-foot-long reflecting pool lined with black stone has replaced the bombed-out street. The chairs, symbolic of tombstones, are also placed in symbolic positions: Nine rows representing the nine floors of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, with each victim's chair placed in the row according to the floor on which he or she worked or was visiting at the time of the blast. 19 of the chairs are smaller, representing the children who were murdered in the attack. Ironically, A 70-year-old elm tree survived the bombing. “The Survivor Tree” is now protected by the Rescuer's Orchard: Fruit trees symbolic of the many rescue workers who pulled survivors from the rubble.

I was actually in Oklahoma City in February. I will post some of the photos I took while I was viewing the Memorial.

Vist it the Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum - Official Website.

To find more information on the above events, check the GSU Library Catalog.

Posted by d-nadler at 11:36 AM | Comments (0)

April 18, 2007

Today in History: April 18th

From Those Were the Days - Today in History:

1906 - The Great San Francisco Earthquake occurred at 5:13 a.m. The tremendous earthquake was responsible for some 3,000 deaths and catastrophic damage. There were many fires that followed the quake and they took days -- even weeks -- to contain. Survivors of the earthquake gathered annually for memorial services beginning at the moment the predawn temblor struck and became history.

View a video clip at

Read about the damage:
Earthquake damage, San Francisco, California, USA : April 18, 1906.
DOCS. C55.2:EA7/10


1945: Ernie Pyle killed at Okinawa On this day in 1945, Pulitzer Prize-winning war correspondent Ernie Pyle was killed by Japanese machine-gun fire on the island of Ie Shima off the coast of Okinawa. Extremely popular, especially with the average GI, whose life and death he reported on (American infantrymen braved enemy fire to recover Pyle's body), Pyle had been at the London Blitz of 1941 and saw action in North Africa, Italy, France, and the Pacific. A monument exists to him to this day on Ie Shima, describing him simply as "a buddy."
Burgess Meredith portrayed him in the 1945 film The Story of GI Joe.

Read about Ernie Pyle:
Ernie’s war : the best of Ernie Pyle’s World War II dispatches / [edited by] David Nichols
D743 .P951986

The story of Ernie Pyle / by Lee G. Miller.
PN4874.P86 M53 1950

Find more information about these topics in the Library Catalog.

Posted by d-nadler at 01:39 PM | Comments (0)

April 17, 2007

Today in History: April 17th

From This Day in History -

1790: American statesman, printer, scientist, and writer Benjamin Franklin dies in Philadelphia at age 84.

Read his biography on the History Channel website.

Books about Benjamin Franklin:

Doctor Franklin’s medicine / Stanley Finger.
R151 .F562006

The Oldest revolutionary : essays on Benjamin Franklin / edited by J. A. Leo Lemay
PS752 .O4

1961 : The Bay of Pigs invasion begins.
The Bay of Pigs invasion begins when a CIA-financed and -trained group of Cuban refugees lands in Cuba and attempts to topple the communist government of Fidel Castro. The attack was an utter failure.

Read more:

1970: Apollo 13 returns to earth.
View the video clip.

Read about Apollo 13:
Apollo 13 [electronic resource] : "Houston, we’ve got a problem."

View a video found in the GSU Library:
Moon shot : [videorecording] the inside story of tha Apollo Project / TBS Productions Inc. ; produced and directed by Kirt Woltinger.

Posted by d-nadler at 11:56 AM | Comments (0)

Today in History: April 16th

From Those Were the Days - Today in History:

1900 - The first book of U.S. postage stamps was issued. The two-cent stamps were available in books of 12, 24 and 48 stamps.
1985 - Mickey Mantle, banned from baseball in 1983 because of his association with an Atlantic City casino, was reinstated on this day. He threw out the first pitch to a standing ovation as the New York Yankees played their home opener against the Chicago White Sox.

Posted by d-nadler at 10:42 AM | Comments (0)

April 15, 2007

Today in History: April 15th

From Those Were the Days - Today in History:

1865 - Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States of America, died at 7:22 a.m. Lincoln had been shot in the back of the head the previous evening while attending a performance of Our American Cousin at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. The assassin, John Wilkes Booth, escaped, only to be hunted down and shot to death. Lincoln was carried to a boarding house across the street from the theatre. He never regained consciousness.
1912- ‘unsinkable’ luxury liner, Titanic, sank at 2:27a.m. on this day in 1912. The largest passenger vessel in the world went under off the coast of Newfoundland two and one-half hours after striking an iceberg on its maiden voyage from Southampton, England to New York City. A young David Sarnoff, later of RCA and NBC, relayed telegraph messages to advise relatives on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean of the 700+ survivors. 1,517 lives were lost at sea. One account claimed that lifeboats weren’t operable and those that were, quickly filled with male passengers and crew members, instead of the traditional women and children first. Reports indicate that the captain of the Titanic, most of the crew and the ship’s orchestra remained on board as the huge luxury liner slid into the icy Atlantic. Still another report, from a survivor, indicated that as the great ship was going down to a watery grave, the orchestra played Nearer My God to Thee. Many movies and documentaries about the monumental disaster have been filmed over the years. However, none had the exacting data gleaned by scientists from the 1986 expedition aboard Atlantis II. Dr. Robert Ballard headed a crew and a robot named Jason in a descent to the deck of the Titanic aboard Alvin, a submersible craft. They returned with information and photos that challenged and verified stories from the past. After years of studying the facts, the 1997 Academy Award-winning film, Titanic, recreated the ship to the tiniest detail including the design on the elegant china. Although the film’s love story is fictitious, the true tragedy of the Titanic can now be seen by the world some eight decades later.

1923 - Insulin became available for general use on this day. It was first discovered in 1922. Today, insulin is used daily in the treatment of diabetes. It is extracted from the pancreas of sheep, oxen and by other means, including synthesization in the laboratory. Insulin, a natural and vital hormone for carbohydrate metabolism in the body, is manufactured by the pancreas. An overabundance of insulin causes insulin shock and leads to a variety of symptoms, including coma.
1947 - Jackie Robinson played his first major-league baseball game (he had played exhibition games previously) for the Brooklyn Dodgers. He went 0-for-4 against Boston. Robinson did get on base due to an error and scored the winning run in a 5-3 win for the Dodgers.

Search for books on these topics in the GSU Library Catalog.

Posted by d-nadler at 05:46 PM | Comments (0)

April 14, 2007

Today in History: April 14

From: Those Were the Days-Today in History

1865 - John Wilkes Booth, a well-known actor, was permitted upstairs at Ford’s Theatre. Thus, he gained access to U.S. President Abraham Lincoln’s private theatre box as Lincoln watched the performance of Our American Cousin. It was just after 10 p.m. when Booth, a Confederate sympathizer, shot Lincoln in the head. After shooting the President, Booth leaped to the stage below, shouting, “Sic semper tyrannis!” (“Thus always to tyrants!”, the state motto of Virginia.) He broke his leg in the fall but managed to escape the theatre (which was in Washington, D.C.), mount a horse, and flee to Virginia. Booth was hunted down and shot as he hid in a barn near Port Royal, Virginia. Lincoln died at 7:22 a.m. the next day.

Read about John Wilkes Booth and Abraham Lincoln:

The Lincoln murder conspiracies : being the first complete examination and refutation of the many theories, hypotheses, and speculations put forward in the past 118 years concerning those presumed to have aided, abetted, controlled, or directed the murderous act of John Wilkes Booth in Ford’s Theater the night of April 14, 1865 / William Hanchett.
E457.5 .H261983

Myths after Lincoln, by Lloyd Lewis, with an introduction by Carl Sandburg
E457.5 .L671941

1912 - “Up in the crows nest, Frederick Fleet was staring into the darkness. It was around 11:30 p.m. on a very odd calm moonless night when he noticed a black object immediately in their path, he knew it was ice!” The Royal Mail Steamship Titanic of the White Star Line struck an iceberg at approximately 11:40 p.m. The great ship, on its maiden voyage, sank just under three hours later. 1,517 passengers were lost at sea. (See TWtD, April 15.)

Read about the Titanic:

Titanic legacy : disaster as media event and myth / Paul Heyer
G530.T6 H491995

1980 - Stan Mikita retired after 21 years with the Chicago Black Hawks of the NHL. His #21 jersey became the first Blackhawks number to be retired.

To find books on these and other topics, search the Library Catalog.

Posted by d-nadler at 09:51 AM | Comments (0)

April 13, 2007

Today in History: April 13th

From Those Were the Days - Today in History:

1796 - The first known elephant (like, how would one NOT know it was an elephant?) to arrive in the United States, came to America. The elephant was from Bengal, India and entered the U.S.A. through New York City.

1954 - Hank Aaron debuted for the Milwaukee Braves. In his first ever major-league baseball game, Hammerin’ Hank went 0-for-5 against Cincinnati. Aaron’s first major-league homer came 10 days later.

Childrens books about Hank Aaron:

Hank Aaron : brave in every way / by Peter Golenbock
MAT-CTR. GV865.A25 G642001

Henry Aaron, home-run king / by Sam and Beryl Epstein
MAT-CTR. GV865.A25 E67

1972 - The first strike in the history of major-league baseball ended. Players had walked off the field 13 days earlier.

1981 - Janet Cook won a Pulitzer Prize for feature writing. Things took a strange turn when she later said that her prize-winning story in The Washington Post was a fake. She made up the story and passed it off as truth. Her award was taken away and given instead to Teresa Carpenter of New York’s Village Voice.

Find other Pulitzer Prize winners:
Who’s who of Pulitzer Prize winners / Elizabeth A. Brennan and Elizabeth C. Clarage
REF. AS911.P8 B741999

To find more books on these and other topics, search the Library Catalog.

Posted by d-nadler at 09:24 AM | Comments (0)

April 12, 2007

Today in History: April 12th

From Those Were the Days - Today in History:

1799 - Phineas Pratt patented the comb cutting machine -- a “machine for making combs.”

Read more about inventions:

Men, machines, and modern times [by] Elting E. Morison.
T14 .M59

Asimov’s chronology of science and discovery / Isaac Asimov
Q125 .A7651989

1955 - The polio vaccine of Dr. Jonas Salk was termed “safe, effective and potent” by the University of Michigan Polio Vaccine Evaluation Center.

Read more about Jonas Salk:
Heroes for our times. Edited for the Overseas Press Club of America by Will Yolen and Kenneth Seeman Giniger.
CT105 .H48

Splendid solution : Jonas Salk and the conquest of polio / Jeffrey Kluger
QR31.S25 K582004

1984 - Challenger astronauts made the first satellite repair in orbit by returning a healthy Solar Max satellite to space. The orbiting sun watcher had been circling the Earth for three years with all circuits dead before repairs were made.

Read more about astronauts:
Astronaut fact book [electronic resource]

Glenn : the astronaut who would be President / Frank Van Riper
E748.G55 V36X1983

To find these books and more, search the library catalog.

Posted by d-nadler at 11:19 AM | Comments (0)

April 11, 2007

Today in History: April 11th

From Those Were the Days:

1947 - Jackie Robinson became the first black player in major-league history when he played in an exhibition game for the Brooklyn Dodgers.

Read about:
Jackie Robinson : a life remembered / Maury Allen
GV865.R6 A441987

1956 - Elvis Presley reached the top spot on the Billboard music chart with his first double-sided hit. The disk featured Heartbreak Hotel and I Was the One. The RCA Victor record stayed at number one for eight weeks. Elvis also made the country and R&B charts, as well.

Read about:
Elvis / by Albert Goldman.
ML420.P96 G66

Last train to Memphis : the rise of Elvis Presley / Peter Guralnick
ML420.P96 G871994

To find more books, go to the Library Catalog.

Posted by d-nadler at 06:00 PM | Comments (0)

April 10, 2007

Today in History: April 10

From Those Were the Days:

1937 - Collier’s magazine published two short stories this day which would later become motion pictures; a first for a single magazine issue. Stage to Lordsburg, written by Ernest Haycox, was made into the 1939 film classic, Stagecoach, starring John Wayne. Hagar Wilde’s story was turned into a movie that reflected the title of his work, Bringing Up Baby. The 1938 film starred Cary Grant and Katharine Hepburn.

Watch the movies:

Stagecoach [videorecording] / United Artists ; presented by Caidin Film Co. ; a Walter Wanger production ; screenplay, Dudley Nichols ; original story, Ernest Haycox ; directed by John Ford. VIDEO. PN1995.9.W4 S7342006

Read about the actors:

Buehrer, B. B. (1990). Cary Grant : a bio-bibliography. Ney York, NY: Greenwood Press. PN2287.G675 B841990
Hepburn, K. (1991). Me : stories of my life. New York, NY: Knopf. PN2287.H45 A31991
Neibaur, J. L. (1989). Tough guy : the American movie macho. Jefferson, : McFarland. PN1995.9.M46 N451989

1970 - Officially resigning from The Beatles, Paul McCartney disbanded the most influential rock group in history at a public news conference. The Beatles hit, Let It Be, was riding high on the pop charts. The last recording for the group, The Long and Winding Road (also from the documentary film Let It Be), would be number one for two weeks beginning on June 13, bringing to a close one of contemporary music’s greatest dynasties.

Read about the Beatles:

Davies, Hunter (1968). The Beatles; the authorized biography. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Book Co.
ML286.5 .D38

Inglis, I. (2000). The Beatles, popular music and society : a thousand voices. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press. ML421.B4 B4362000

Find these and other titles using the Library Catalog.

Posted by d-nadler at 11:12 AM | Comments (0)

April 09, 2007

Today in History: April 9th

From Those Were the Days:

1953: Warner Brothers, the first of the major Hollywood studios to introduce 3-D motion pictures, chose this day to premiere The House of Wax at the Paramount Theatre in New York City. The stage show preceding the movie was headed by singer Eddie Fisher. The film’s stars, Vincent Price, Phyllis Kirk and Frank Lovejoy attended the premiere.

Interested in learning more about the history of motion pictures?

Webb, M. (1986). Hollywood, legend and reality. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company.
PN1993.5.U6 H59141986

Fell, J. L. (1987). Before Hollywood : turn-of-the century American film. New York, NY: Hudson Hill Press.
PN1993.5.U6 B3451987

To look up these books and more, go the the Library Catalog.

1912 - The Boston Red Sox defeated Harvard 2-0 on this, the day that Fenway Park was opened for the first time. Ted Williams, Carl Yastrzemski, Carlton Fisk, Jim Rice, Roger Clemens, and Babe Ruth played ball at Fenway and faced the ‘Green Monster’, the huge wall in left field. Until the Humane Society ordered him to stop, Ted Williams used to take rifle shots at the many pigeons that flew around the stadium. In 1954, a ball thrown to stop a player from making a double out of a single, hit a pigeon in flight. Allegedly, the bird fell to the ground, got up and then flew away to safer territory. The ball deflected right to the second baseman, who put the tag on the runner.
1947 - Branch Rickey of the Brooklyn Dodgers announced the purchase of the baseball contract that would bring slugger Jackie Roosevelt Robinson to the Dodgers from Montreal.
1985 - Tom Seaver broke a major-league baseball record (held by Walter Johnson) as he started his 15th opening-day game. The Chicago White Sox defeated the Milwaukee Brewers 4-2. With the win, ‘Tom Terrific’ extended his opening day record to 7-1. He had thrown openers for the New York Mets, Cincinnati Reds and the Chicago White Sox.

Interested in learning more about the history of baseball?

Asinov, E. (1979). Bleeding between the lines. New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
KF228.T28 A85

Voigt, D. Q. (1976). America through baseball . Chicago, IL: Nelson-Hall.
GV863.A1 V641976

To look up these books and more, go to the Library Catalog.

Posted by d-nadler at 12:59 PM | Comments (0)

April 07, 2007

Easter: Did you know?

Did you know:

• Centuries before Christ, the pagan tribes of Europe worshipped a beautiful goddess of spring named Eostre (EE-ah-tra). Festivals celebrating the end of winter and the birth of spring were held in her honor at the end of March, the time of the vernal equinox. Some historians believe the word Easter is a variation of her name.
• Christians of the Near East adopted this tradition and the egg became a religious symbol – it represented the tomb from which Jesus broke forth. The various customs associated with Easter eggs were not recorded in Western Europe until the 15th century. Speculation is that missionaries or knights of the Crusades were responsible for bringing the tradition of coloring eggs westward. In medieval times, eggs often were colored red to symbolize the blood of Christ.
• According to one legend, the Easter bunny was originally a large, handsome bird belonging to the goddess Eostre. One day she magically changed her pet bird into a hare. Because the Easter bunny is still a bird at heart, he continues to build a straw nest and fill it with eggs.
To read more about Easter Symbols, Icons, Legend, Lore and Customs go to the Hallmark Pressroom.

Here a few titles about Easter that you will find in the GSU Library:

Lord,P.S. & Sawyer,D. J. (1971). Easter the world over. Philadelphia, PA: Chilton Book Co.
GT4935 .L621971

Harper, W. (1965). Easter chimes; stories for Easter and the spring season. New York, NY: Dutton.

Posted by d-nadler at 01:40 PM | Comments (0)

April 05, 2007

Today in History: April 5

From Those Were the Days:

1923 - Firestone Tire and Rubber Company of Akron, OH began the first regular production of balloon tires.
Read about Firestone Company:

Lief, Alfred (1951). The Firestone story : a history of the Firestone Tire & Rubber Company. New York, NY: Whittlesey House.
HD9161.U54 F53

1933 - The first operation to remove a lung was performed -- at Barnes Hospital in St. Louis, MO.

1955 - Richard J. Daley was elected mayor of Chicago, IL, starting one of the most colorful political careers not only of the Windy City, but anywhere.

Read about Richard J. Daley:

Biles, Roger (1995). Richard J. Daley : politics, race, and the governing of Chicago. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press.
F548.54.D34 B55 1995

Sullivan, Frank (1989). Legend, the only inside story about Mayor Richard J. Daley. Chicago, Il: Bonus Books.
F548.52.D35 S84X1989

1985 - Broadcasters banded together to play the single, We Are the World, at 10:50 a.m. E.S.T. Stations in the United States were joined by hundreds of others around the world in a sign of unification for the African relief cause. Even Muzak made the song only the second vocal selection it has ever played in elevators and offices since its inception.

To find more books about Mayor Daley or any of the above information, search the Library Catalog.

Posted by d-nadler at 05:59 PM | Comments (0)

April 04, 2007

Today in History: April 4, 2007

From Those Were the Days - Today in History:

1859 - Daniel Emmett introduced I Wish I was in Dixie’s Land (later named Dixie) in New York City. Just two years later, the song became the Civil War song of the Confederacy.
1914 - The first known serialized moving picture opened in New York City. The Perils of Pauline starred Pearl White.
1984 - Bob Bell retired as Bozo the Clown on WGN-TV in Chicago, IL. Bell was an institution in the Windy City since making his first appearance in 1960. Pinto Colvig was the original Bozo.

But the Big News was:

1964 - The Beatles set an all-time record on the Top 100 chart of Billboard magazine this day. All five of the top songs were by the British rock group. In addition, The Beatles also had the number one album as Meet the Beatles continued to lead all others. The LP was the top album from February 15 through May 2, when it was replaced by The Beatles Second Album. It was estimated at the time that The Beatles accounted for 60 percent of the entire singles record business during the first three months of 1964. The top five singles by The Beatles this day were:
1) Can’t Buy Me Love

2) Twist and Shout

3) She Loves You

4) I Want to Hold Your Hand

5) Please Please Me

Posted by d-nadler at 01:51 PM | Comments (0)

April 03, 2007

Today in History - April 3, 2007

From Those Were the Days:

1776 - Harvard College conferred the first honorary Doctor of Laws degree to George Washington.
1829 - James Carrington of Wallingford, CT patented the coffee mill. Have a cup of fresh ground in celebration today.
1930 - The fledgling film industry patted itself on its collective back this night at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles. They were celebrating the 2nd Annual Academy Awards presentation for movies made during the 1928-1929 year. (Movies made during the 1929-1930 year were honored seven months later on November 5.) There were no ‘officially’ announced nominees; but there was a host for the evening’s activities: Writer, director, producer William C. de Mille. No one ran away with all the awards either. The Best Director was Frank Lloyd for The Divine Lady; Warner Baxter was voted Best Actor for his role in In Old Arizona, while Mary Pickford took home the Best Actress award for her part in Coquette. Hanns Kräly penned the script for The Patriot, winning the Best Writing award and the Best Picture of the year was The Broadway Melody produced by Harry Rapf.
1979 - Jane Byrne became the first female mayor in Chicago’s history.

Posted by d-nadler at 05:58 PM | Comments (0)

April 02, 2007

Today in History

From the Library of Congress
American Memory

Today in History: April 2

At approximately 7 A.M. on Sunday, April 2, 1865, Ulysses S. Grant's army attacked Confederate lines at Petersburg, Virginia. By mid-afternoon, Confederate troops had begun to evacuate the town. The Union victory ensured the fall of Richmond, the capital of the Confederacy, located just 25 miles north of Petersburg.
President Jefferson Davis received word of the events in Petersburg while attending services at St. Paul's Church in Richmond. He abandoned the capital late that night on a train bound for Danville, Virginia.

From Those Were the Day - Today in History

1792 - The U.S. Congress authorized the first U.S. mint. Which mint was first? The one in Philadelphia, PA.
1889 - Charles Hall patented aluminum on this day.
1902 - The first motion picture theatre opened in Los Angeles. The Electric Theatre charged a dime to see an hour’s entertainment, including the films, The Capture of the Biddle Brothers and New York in a Blizzard. Now that’s entertainment!
1984 - John Thompson became the first black coach to lead his team to the NCAA college basketball championship. Georgetown’s Hoyas defeated Houston 84-75 in Seattle for the win. Thompson’s team in 1982 had finished second to North Carolina for the championship.

Posted by d-nadler at 04:41 PM | Comments (0)

October 30, 2006

Halloween Trivia

Here is a little Halloween Trivia:

“Trick or Treat!”
36.1 million

The estimated number of potential “trick-or-treaters” in 2005 — 5- to 13-year-olds — across the United States, which declined by 284,000 from 2004. Of course, many other children — older than 13, and younger than age 5 — also go trick-or-treating.

Jack O’ Lanterns and Pumpkin Pies
1.1 billion pounds

Total production of major pumpkin-producing states in 2005. Illinois led the country by producing 497 million pounds of the vined orange gourd. Pumpkin patches in California, Ohio and Pennsylvania also provided lots of pumpkins: each state produced at least 100 million pounds. The value of all pumpkins produced by major pumpkin-producing states was $106 million.

Candy and Costumes

Number of U.S. manufacturing establishments that produced chocolate and cocoa products in 2004, employing 43,322 people and shipping $12.5 billion worth of goods. California led the nation in the number of chocolate and cocoa manufacturing establishments, with 136, followed by Pennsylvania, with 122.


Number of U.S. establishments that manufactured nonchocolate confectionary products in 2004. These establishments employed 22,234 people and shipped $7.2 billion worth of goods that year. California also led the nation in this category, with 76 establishments.

Where to Spend Halloween?
Some places around the country that may put you in the Halloween mood are:

Transylvania County, N.C. (29,626 residents).
Tombstone, Ariz. (population 1,569).
Pumpkin Center, N.C. (population 2,228); and Pumpkin Bend township, Ark. (population 307).
Cape Fear township in New Hanover County, N.C.; and Cape Fear township in Chatham County, N.C. (with populations of 15,711 and 1,170, respectively).
Skull Creek township, Neb. (population 285).

Posted by d-nadler at 01:40 PM | Comments (0)